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FE Materials Science

material processing, properties, and attributes

TermDefinition
toughness measure of a material's ability to yield and absorb highly localized and rapidly applied stress
tough a material that is ___ withstands occasional high stresses without fracturing
Charpy test measures toughness by applying sufficient impact to cause failure to a notched specimen
creep continuous yielding of a material under constant stress
creep test test where low tensile load of constant magnitude is applied to a specimen and the strain is measured as a function of time; measures creep
Brinell Hardness Test test to measure hardness of specimen; diameter of depression is correlated to hardness
hardness measure of a material's resistance to plastic deformation; capacity of a surface to resist deformation
endurance/fatigue limit stress level threshold at which a material will withstand an almost infinite number of loadings without experiencing failure
fatigue failure failure in which a material is stress-loaded repeatedly even without it ever exceeding the ultimate strength
ductility ability of a material to yield and deform prior to failure
brittle characteristic of a material that can only support small strains before failing catastrophically
strong characteristic of a material with a high ultimate strength
weak characteristic of a material with a low ultimate strength
hard characteristic of a material with a high modulus of elasticity
soft characteristic of a material with a low modulus of elasticity
Gold great reducing agent
Potassium great oxidizing agent
hard working forming process in which material's temperature is above its re-crystallization temperature
cold working forming process in which material's temperature is below its re-crystallization temperature
quenching forming process in which a formed part is submerged in a gas or liquid; prevents the material from forming undesirable characteristics often aiming for hard steel
hard working forming process in which internal defect and imperfections are eliminated; has a greater ductility; withstands large strains with out strain hardening
cold working forming process that promotes hardness and toughness; uniform microstructure
annealing forming step in which the temperature of the formed part is raised slightly about its recrystallization temperature to relieve stresses, increase grain size and recrystallize grains
Created by: natasha13168