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BIO120-Study of Life

BC-Study of Life Chapter

QuestionAnswer
What is the characteristic of living things that is the ability to maintain the internal conditions when external conditions change? homeostasis
Complex cell types which contain organelles. Eukaryotic
The characteristic of living things that involves long term responses and changes in the DNA of an organism over time. Adaptation
Bacteria contained in this domain are the "everyday" variety. Domain Bacteria
Types of reactions in which molecules are built (biosynthetic). Anabolic Reactions (Anabolism)
The domain containing all organisms with eukaryotic cell types. Domain Eukarya
The domain which contains "ancient" bacteria which are capable of living in very harsh environments and also utilize unusual energy sources. Domain Archaea
Simple cell types, no organelles Prokaryotic
Types of reactions in which molecules are broken down. Catabolic Reactions (Catabolism)
Organisms that feed on other organisms or their remains are known as: Consumers
Organisms which can create organic molecules by using light energy: Producers
Energy is defined as the capacity to do_____. Work
The theory that states that all living things are composed of cells is known as: The Cell Theory
DNA stands for : Deoxyribonucleic acid
Units of inheritance found on DNA are: Genes
This is the study of whole sets of genes. Genomics
This is the study of whole sets of proteins. Proteomics
This is technology (computers) used to study large bodies of information such as the data obtained from genetic studies. Bioinformatics
This is the concept that living organisms are modified descendants of common ancestors. Evolution
The publisher of "The Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection" in 1859. Charles Darwin
The process which "selects" for the propagation of beneficial traits. Natural Selection
The genus specie name for humans. Homo sapiens
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