Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

NC Biology Goal 4.1.

Relationship among DNA, proteins, and amino acids

adenine (A) a nitrogenous base of DNA and RNA
amino acids monomer of protein, 20 found in nature , building blocks of protein, essential amino acids must be obtain from foods because the body cannot make them
cytosine (C) a nitrogenous base of DNA and RNA
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, present in most living things, carries (stores) genetic information, made up of the nitrogenous bases of adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine
guanine (G) a nitrogenous base of DNA and RNA
hydrogen bonds weak bonds that hold nitrogenous bases together.
nucleic acids biochemical molecule made mostly of the elements C,H,O,N,P, function to store genetic information and to code for proteins
nucleotides monomer of nucleic acid, three subunits-phosphate, sugar, nitrogenous base, DNA-double helix, A,T,C,G, RNA-single strand, A,U,C,G
nitrogenous bases make the rungs of the DNA (ladder) double helix, part of RNA that complementary pairs with DNA to carry the code for protein synthesis
phosphate-sugar groups the sides (handrails) of the DNA the (spine) of RNA
protein synthesis to make proteins, RNA, mRNA, tRNA, rRNA - occurs in the nucleus and the cytoplasm
thymine (T) a nitrogenous base of DNA
transcription the converting of RNA codons to amino acids occurs in the cytoplasm
translation the writing (synthesis) of mRNA occurs in the nucleus
RNA ribonucleic acid, transcription, translation, , creates code for protein synthesis, single strand, smaller than DNA, enters and exits the nucleus
uracil (U) a nitrogenous base of RNA
Created by: mrvickers
Popular Biology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards