Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

NC Biology Goal 4.1.

Relationship among DNA, proteins, and amino acids

adenine (A) a nitrogenous base of DNA and RNA
amino acids monomer of protein, 20 found in nature , building blocks of protein, essential amino acids must be obtain from foods because the body cannot make them
cytosine (C) a nitrogenous base of DNA and RNA
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, present in most living things, carries (stores) genetic information, made up of the nitrogenous bases of adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine
guanine (G) a nitrogenous base of DNA and RNA
hydrogen bonds weak bonds that hold nitrogenous bases together.
nucleic acids biochemical molecule made mostly of the elements C,H,O,N,P, function to store genetic information and to code for proteins
nucleotides monomer of nucleic acid, three subunits-phosphate, sugar, nitrogenous base, DNA-double helix, A,T,C,G, RNA-single strand, A,U,C,G
nitrogenous bases make the rungs of the DNA (ladder) double helix, part of RNA that complementary pairs with DNA to carry the code for protein synthesis
phosphate-sugar groups the sides (handrails) of the DNA the (spine) of RNA
protein synthesis to make proteins, RNA, mRNA, tRNA, rRNA - occurs in the nucleus and the cytoplasm
thymine (T) a nitrogenous base of DNA
transcription the converting of RNA codons to amino acids occurs in the cytoplasm
translation the writing (synthesis) of mRNA occurs in the nucleus
RNA ribonucleic acid, transcription, translation, , creates code for protein synthesis, single strand, smaller than DNA, enters and exits the nucleus
uracil (U) a nitrogenous base of RNA
Created by: mrvickers