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Biology Chapter 1

Activities for Eukaryotic Cells MCB2010

QuestionAnswer
Which region of the phospholipid molecule is hydrophobic? Fatty Acid Tails
The general term for fungal infections. Mycoses
Name all 3 (genus and specie names) molds in your notes. Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer and Penicillium notatum
The organelle which functions to transport and package proteins after they are made. It is dotted with ribosomes. The Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
The complex cell type which contains organelles. Eukaryotic
The organelle which houses the DNA (chromosomes) . The Nucleus
The organelle which is the site of photosynthesis in plants. The Chloroplast
The general morphology of molds. Hyphae
The general cell morphology of yeasts. Round or Oval
A type of locomotive structure in eukaryotes composed of microtubules. Flagella
The term for organisms which are heterotrophic and obtain their nutrients from dead or decaying animals or plants. Saprobes
The simple cell type, which does not contain organelles. Prokaryotic
Name all the types of sexual spores of fungi. Zygospores, Ascospores, Basidiospores
Fungal cell walls are composed of : Chitin
Small sacs (circles) of membrane are called _______. vesicles
A locomotive structure on eukaryotes which are shorter and more numerous than flagella. Cilia
Not having septa. Non-septate
Is the glycerol head of a phospholipid molecule polar or non-polar? Polar
Name 2 general types of microscopic fungi. Yeasts & Molds
The framework inside a cell which keeps it from collapsing in on itself. The Cytoskeleton
A type of macroscopic fungus. Mushrooms
The organelle which functions to package molecules into vessicles for transport. Golgi Complex
The term for membranes which allow some molecules to pass through while blocking passage of other molecules. Selective Permeability
The organelle which is the site of protein synthesis. The Ribosome
False hyphae found in yeasts. Pseudohypha
Organelles known as "digestive sacs". Lysosomes
The organelle which functions to transport and package lipids and other molecules after they are made. The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Which region of the phospholipid molecule is hydrophyllic? The Glycerol Head
Name all the types of non-sexual spores of fungi. Sporangiospores & Conidiospores (Blastospores, Arthrospores, Chlamydospores)
The oganelle which is the site of aerobic respiration - also known as the "powerhouse" of the cell. The Mitochondria
Yeasts that have both mold and yeast life cycle stages. Dimorphic
The dark mass inside the nucleus which is the site of ribosomal subunit assembly. The Nucleolus
Plant and Algae cell walls are composed of _______. Cellulose
The double lipid bilayer which defines the nucleus. The Nuclear Membrane
The cross walls which separate the hyphae into compartments in molds. Septa
Name the genus and species of both yeasts found in your notes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans
The woven or intertwining mass of hyphae which form the a mat like structure in molds. Mycelium