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chromosome Structure made up of DNA and proteins
sex chromosome Chromosome associated with an individual's sex
autosome a non-sex chromosome
unreplicated chromosome A chromosome that consist of one double helical molecule of DNA packaged with proteins
replicated chromosome A chromosome that has been copied
sister chromatid the two identical chromatid copies in a replicated chromosome
homologous chromosome in a diploid organism, chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and gene content
non-sister chromatids Chromatids belonging to homologous chromosomes
bivalent Homologous replicated chromosomes that are joined together during prophase 1 and metaphase 1 of meiosis
Haploid number the number of different types of chromosomes in a cell
diploid number the number of chromosomes present in a diploid cell
ploidy the number of each of chromosomes present
haploid having one of each type of chromosomes
diploid having two of each type of chromosomes
polyploid having more than two of each types of chromosomes
mitosis phases interphase, prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, and the cell division ends
meiosis phases interphase, early prophase 1, late prophase 1, metaphase 1, anaphase 1, telophase 1 and cytokinesis, prophase 11, metaphase 11, anaphase 11, and telophase and cytokinesis.
Created by: 088103