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Biology Chapter 1

Activities for Principles of Disease MCB2010

QuestionAnswer
The cause of the disease is its _______. Etiology
_____ microorganisms are those that cause disease when the host is in a weakened condition, or when the organism enters a site not normally inhabited by the microbe. Opportunistic
A _____ infection is an acute infection that causes the disease. primary
A ______ infection is one that shows no outward signs or symptoms. subclinical
_____ infections are those that spread throughout the body via the lymphatic system or circulatory system. systemic
_____ diseases are those that are EASILY transmitted person to person. Contagious
_____ are objective changes in the body that can be observed or measured by the health care worker (such as temperature, swelling). Signs
_____ diseases are those that cannot be spread from person to person (not transmissible). Non-communicable
Name the two contagious diseases found in your notes. Chicken pox, measles
A specific group of symptoms and signs that frequently accompanies a specific disease. Syndrome
Name both diseases that are considered non-communicable in your notes. Tetanus and anthrax
_____ diseases are always present in the population. Endemic
AIDS patients often develop this secondary infection due to their immunocompromised state. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
The fraction of the population that is infected with the disease at a specific point in time is known as _____. Prevalence
_____ are subjective changes in body function such as pain or achiness. Symptoms
_____ diseases develop slowly and persist or are recurrent over long periods of time. Chronic
The etiological agent is the _____ _____of a disease. Causative agent
______ occur when large numbers of people are infected in a very short period of time. Epidemics
A _____ infection occurs when an opportunistic pathogen infects the host due to its weakened condition. Secondary
_____ diseases are those that are spread (transmissible) from person to person. Communicable
The fraction of the population that contracts a disease during a particular PERIOD of time is known as _______. Incidence
Droplet transmission as a result of a cough or a sneeze is a type of ______ transmission. Vehicle
______ are world-wide epidemics. Pandemics
______ diseases develop rapidly and do not last a long time. Acute
_____ _____ transmission occurs when there is interaction between two people, the source of the disease and the susceptible host. Direct contact
_____ infections are limited to a small area of the body. Local
Name all 4 types of communicable diseases listed in your notes. Chicken pox, measles, genital herpes and T.B.
A change in the health of an individual that results from an infection. Disease
The manner in which a disease develops is known as _____. Pathogenesis
A non-living item such as kleenex, glassware, etc., that transmits the disease between people. Fomite