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Ch 22 Fund Vocab

Term to know on Infection Control

TermDefinition
Airborne precautions measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases transmitted from an infected person by pathogens propelled through the air on particles smaller than 5 µm in size to a susceptible person’s eyes, nose, or mouth
Colonization a condition in which microorganisms are present, but the host does not manifest any signs or symptoms of infection
Communicable diseases diseases transmitted from one source to another by infectious bacteria or viral organisms
Community-acquired infections infections that are not present or incubating prior to care provided by health care providers
Contact precautions measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases transmitted by the physical transfer of pathogens to a susceptible host’s body surface
Contagious diseases communicable diseases that can spread rapidly among individuals in close proximity to each other
Double bagging infectious control measure in which one bag of contaminated items, such as trash or laundry, is placed within another.
Droplet precautions measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases transmitted from an infected person by pathogens propelled through the air on particles larger than 5 µm in size to a susceptible person's eyes, nose, or mouth
Health-care associated infections infections acquired with a health care facility in any setting
Hyperendemic infections at an especially high level of continued incidence in a population
Infection invasion and proliferation of pathogens in body tissues
Infection control precautions physical measures designed to curtail the spread of infectious diseases
Infectious diseases diseases that are spread by pathogens or toxins among susceptible individuals.
N95 respirator mask that is individually fitted for each caregiver, can filter particles 1 micron with an efficiency of 95% or more.
Personal protective equipment devices used to protect employees from workplace injuries or illnesses resulting from biological, chemical, radiological, physical, electric, mechanical, or other workplace hazards
Powered air purifying respirator (PAPR) mask that is an alternative if a caregiver has not been fitted with an N95 respirator or has facial hair or deformity that prevents a tight seal.
Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette refers to infection control measures used at the first point of an encounter with clients, family, or friends or persons with signs of illness suggesting an undiagnosed transmissible respiratory infection
Safe injection practices one needle, one syringe, one time.
Standard precautions measures designed to prevent the transmission of organisms and used for all patients in healthcare facilities regardless of diagnosis or infection status
Transmission-based precautions measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases from people suspected to be infected or colonized with highly transmissible pathogens that require measures beyond standard precautions to interrupt transmission
Created by: Jessica Venyke