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medical terms

for medical class

TermDefinition
-la condition
meta- change, beyond
-ation process, condition
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-lysis separation, breakdown, destruction
-logy study of
-eal pertaining to
-scopy process of visually examination
-section to cut
-scope instrument to visually examine
-rrhea flow, discharge
-sclerosis hardening
angi/o vessel
-thesis to put, place (state of)
-plasty surgical repair/ correction
-pnea breathing
-phagia to eat, swallow
-rrhagia excessive discharge or blood
-lc pertaining to
-rrhage excessive discharge or blood
thyroid/o thyroid gland
-cyte cell
-meter to measure
ather/o plaque (a yellow, fatty material)
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
-cision process of cutting
pneumon/o lung
axill/o armpit
opthalm/o eye
electr/o electricity
arteri/o artery
abdomin/o abdomen
anter/o front
an/o anus
chron/o time
col/o colon (large intestine or bowel)
coccyg/o coccyx, tailbone
poster/o back, behind
-tomy incision (cutting into)
pulmon/o lung
spin/o spine (backbone)
uter/o uterus
-uria condition of urine
-tic pertaining to
-um structure
-vascular pertaining to blood vessels
-trophy nourishment; developement
cost/o ribs
amni/o amnion (sac of fluid surrounding embryo)
-algia pain
-al pertaining to
aut- self
cervic/o neck of the body, or neck (cervix) of uterous
-ectomy cutting out; excision; removal
-tension pressure
-pathy disease condition
cerebr/o cerebrum, largest part of the brain
larar/o abdomen (area between chest & hip)
encephala/o brain
-phasia to speak
cephal/o head
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
lumb/o loin (waist)
-lapse to fall, slide
lymph/o lymph (clear fluid tissue spaces and blood vessels)
gnos/o knowlege
glyc/o sugar
leuk/o white
neur/o nerve
isch/o to hold back
arthr/o joint
-le pertaining to
norm/o rule, order
ur/o urine; urinary tract
ana- up, apart
troph/o development,nourishment
thromb/o clotting
tri- three
myel/o spinal cord; in other terms means bone marrow
men/o menses (menstruation); month
gen/o to produce, to begin
enter/o intestines (often the small intestines)
-ary pertaining to
crani/o skull
path/o disease
urethr/o urethra (tube leading from bladder, to out)
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
mal- bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
vertebr/o vertebra (backbone)
para- beside, near, along the side of
-itis inflammation
hypo- below, less than normal, under
gynec/o female
mediastin/o mediastinum (spaces between lungs)
-logist specialist in the study of
hepat/o liver
sacr/o sacrum (5 fused bones in lower back)
-ine pertaining to
hyster/o uterous
rhin/o nose
-morterm death
-gen to produce
brady- slow
thorac/o chest
erythr/o red
pelv/o pelvis (bones of the hip)
peritone/o peritoneum (membranes surrounding abdomen)
-therapy treatment
-stasis to stand, place, stop, control
-osis abnormal condition
cholecyst/o gallbladder
chondr/o cartilage
psych/o mind
epitheli/o skin, surface tissue
-sis state of
son/o sound
cis/o to cut
uni- one
bi/o life
cry/o cold
dermat/o skin
-ar pertaining to
my/o muscle
chem/o drug, also chemical
plas/o formation, growth developement
oste/o bone
necr/o death (of cells)
dur/o dura matter (outermost membrane brain/spine)
cardi/o heart
-gram record
-megaly enlargement
-y process, condition
-emia blood condition
-mission to send
-globin protein
cyt/o cell
septic/o pertaining to infection
nat/i birth
hem/o blood
bi- two, both
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
salping/o fallopian tube
ultra- beyond
sarc/o flesh
mening/o meninges (membranes around brain/ spinal cord)
intra- within
-oma tumor or mass
poly- many, much
epi- above, upon
tonsill/o tonsil
inguin/o groin
cyst/o urinary bladder
phleb/o vein
gastr/o stomach
-graphy process of recording
derm/o skin
-ous pertaining to
bronch/o bronchial tubes
onc/o tumar
carp/o carpals (wrist bone)
cutane/o skin
oophor/o ovary
dys- bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
ante- before, forward
-plasm formation
tachy- fast
pre- before
in- in, into
hyper- excess, more than normal
pro- before, forward
top/o to put, place, position
-crine secretion
aden/o gland
-dipsia thirst
anti- against
-plegia paralysis
neo- new
-lor pertaining to
-opsy to view
con- with, together
-ism condition, process
pros- before, forward
radi/o x-ray
-partum birth
a- no, not
ren/o kidney
inter- between
hemi- half
nephr/o kidney
retro- behind
syn- with, together
pleur/o pleura
peri- surrounding
endo- within
esophagi/o esophagus
sub- below
later/o side
ex- out
mast/o breast
vascul/o blood vessel
ab- away from
hemat/o blood
trans- across
mamm/o breast
scapul/o scapula (shoulder blade)
ven/o vein
an- no, not
-ist specialist
dia- complete, throrough
exo- outside
ot/o ear
-stomy opening
ec- out, outside
ad- toward, near
quadri- four
extra- outside of
re- back
post-
Created by: msharris78