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Cat 1 Vocab

Cat 1 Vocab - Cell Structure and Function

Macromolecules "organic molecules which combine to form living organisms; includes carbohydrates
carbohydrates "biomolecule of carbon
lipids "biomolecule composed of carbon
proteins "biomolecule composed of nitrogen
nucleic acids biomolecule made up of nucleotides; nucleotides contain a phosphate sugar and nitrogen base; examples include DNA and RNA
monomer single unit ; small piece of biomolecule
polymer multi piece unit; made up of smaller monomers
dehydration synthesis A chemical reaction that builds up molecules by losing water molecules
hydrolysis "The process of splitting a compound into fragments with the addition of water; a kind of reaction that is used to break down polymers into simpler units
organic molecule "An organic compound always contains carbon; Examples : carbohydrates
prokaryotic an organism whose cell generally lacks a true nucleus Examples: bacterial cells
eukaryotic "organism possessing a membrane-bound nucleus ; animals
homeostasis "The tendency of an organism or a cell to regulate its internal conditions
deoxyribonucleic acid double-stranded nucleic acid found in the nucleus which provides instruction for making proteins; provides hereditary information
ribonucleic acid single stranded nucleic acid made during transcription to provide template for making proteins at ribosome during translation
chromosome A long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes along with regulatory information.
organelles A membrane bound structure that is specialized to perform a specific function within the cell.
Created by: mc13518