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AP Gov. Ch 10

What is the major difference between presidential campaigns and congressional campaigns? Presidential- more competitive, larger (more popular), funded by private and public money Congressional- incumbents usually win, congress members can take credit for service in ways that a president cannot, can seperate themselves from controversy
What is the first goal of an individual planning to run for office? Getting mentioned
How often does the Constitution call for reapportionment? every 10 years
What are the reasons why the approach used by a candidate in a general election may not work in a primary? A primary candidate must appeal to the ideologically strident activists
What is true about television spot ads in general elections? they have little effect over the election
How can a candidate avoid slips of the tongue during campaigns? stock speeches
How are presidential campaigns funded? Congressional campaigns? Congressional- individuals, PACs, & parties
How does a candidate receive federal matching funds? appeal to small donors- raise $20,000 in each of 5 states in contributions of $250 or less
Where does the red dominate? Blue? Democrat (blue)- New England, Oregon, Washington Republican (red) - almost everything else
Describe the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Act of 2002 Banned soft money, increased individual contributions to 2000 per candidate and restricted limited expenditures
What are the advantages the incumbents have over challengers? franking privilege
Democrats would win every election if the only factor was party identification
Describe prospective voting and retrospective voting and give examples. Prospective voting- voting because you favor his or her ideas for addressing issues Retrospective voting- basing your vote on past performance. generally helps an incumbent except when the economy worsens
Do campaigns make a difference? Why? Yes,
What election brought about wide scale adoption of social assistance? 1964
Describe the differences between Republican and Democrats and their voting patterns.
If there was a single decisive issue in an election what would it be? Terrorism and National Security
How much can a PAC give a candidate per election and how many members must a PAC have? 5000- each candidate, 50 members
Describe position and valence issues and give examples. Position- rival candidates have opposing views on a question that also divides the voters. Valence- candidate fully supports the public’s view on a matter about which nearly everybody is in agreement (increased in importance in campaigns in recent years)
Summarize what we know about money and winning in presidential and congressional campaigns. Presidential- not a very good predictor of who wins or loses- both of the major party candidates have about the same amount. Congressional- excellent predictor of who wins or loses
If more people identify with the Democratic party than the Republican party, why have Republicans won more recent presidential elections? Democrats less firmly wed to their party, Republicans do better with independent voters, higher percentage of Republicans vote in elections.
Primary used to select a party's candidate for office. involves individual voters going to the polls to make a selection of their party's candidate. those who participate are more extreme ideologically than the rest of the population
General election candidates focus on big states with a large number of electoral college votes.
Created by: 1098780093



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