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Medieval England

English III

Boccaccio- tales of decamon Eleanor of Aquitaine- Henry 2nd wife
John Wycliffe- catholic priest gone wrong Lollard- followers
Henry II- King 1154- 1189 Edward (Black Prince)- English military hero
Rich The Lion- Hearted- oldest son 1189-1199 Richard III- last plantagonous king killed 2 nephews
Pope Urban II- first holy war 1188 crusade Edward III- first Parliament, law making
Innocent III- reforming pope Thomas Mallory- wrote death of Arthur
Thomas A Beckett- grave where pilgrims are going King John- great charter limits kings power
Lancelot- Arthur, great night Arthur- King
Guinevere- queen Mordred- son
Wat Tyler- lead Pesians Wm. Caxton- typewriter
Wm. The Conqueror- conqueror ea Normandy Harold of Wessex- Battle of Hastings
Henry Tudor- 7th Battle of Blosefield, defeated Richard Johan Gutenburg- printing press
Dante- epic poem, divine comedy, important writer, Italian London- birthplace of Chaucer
Tabard Inn- where they started Southwark- where the inn is
Canterbury- where they are going Avignon- home of the french pope
Hastings- battle start of middle ages Normandy- guys from Normandy invade England
Provencal- place in France, birthplace of chivalry Florence- birthplace of Dante
Hastings Bridge- Hastings Bosworth field- end of Middle ages
Avalon- legendary burial ground of King Arthur Camelot- Legendary kingdom
Runnymede Field- magna carta doctrine was signed- give up some of kings power Feudalism- land is wealth
fealty- wealth knight- fights, 21, top ranking
vassal- someone who owes allegiance to squire- turn to knight at 21, learning, 2nd ranking
master craftsman- become apprentice Journeyman- 14-21then master craftsman
apprentice- 7-14 then journeyman guild- trait, jobs
craft guild- building merchant guild- selling
Norman- royal / 1154- 1485 Tudor- royal/ 1485- 1603
fief- gift of land crusades- holy wars
papal schism- 1375- 1425- 2 popes (Italian and French) Transubstantiation- wine and bread changed into the body and blood.
heresy- false teaching simony- church abuses
york- white rose Lancaster- red rose Tudor- Henry 7th
war of the roses- 1455- 1485/ civil war decade kings trivium- write, speak, think well
quadrivium- other classes gothic- roman like, barbaric
Romanesque- type of arch 10-12th cent vernacular- common language
divine comedy- epic poem by dante trencher- crusty bread plate
homage- pay respect four humors- sanguine, melancholy, choleric, phlegmatic
lord- high social standard chivalry- oath that all knights take
aristocrat- rich people/ upper class magna carta- king signed reduced kings power
common law- book henry 2nd common laws grand jury- determines if case should go to trial
ballads- songs about lost love folklore- fiction stories
fabliaux- dirty stories courtly romance- knights quest medieval romance
1066- battle of hastings/ medieval ages 1070- thomas a beckett
1089-first crusade 1215- magna carta
1295- first parliament 1337-1453- hundred years war
1476- printing press 1455-1485- war of the roses
1485- end of the medieval ages James 1- king of england 1603-1625
Guy Fawkes- tried to blow up the king and Parliament in the Gunpowder Plot James' daughter Princess Elizabeth married Frederick V on February 14, 1613. Frederick and Elizabeth's election as King and Queen of Bohemia in 1619, started the conflict that resulted in the Thirty Years' War.
Charles I- Religious conflicts permeated Charles' reign. He married a Catholic princess, Henrietta Maria of France, over the objections of Parliament and public opinion. Nicolaus Copernicus- was the first astronomer to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology, which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe.
John Donne- was a cavalier poet Galileo Galilei- was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher
Claudius Ptolemy- was a Roman citizen of Greek or Egyptian ancestry. He was a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer William Laud- (7 October 1573 - 10 January 1645) Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633 to 1645
Oliver Cromwell- was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a Republican Commonwealth. Also for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Andrew Marvell (31 March 1621 – 16 August 1678) was an English metaphysical poet and Parliamentarian. As a metaphysical poet, he is associated with John Donne and George Herbert. He was a colleague and friend of John Milton.
Francis Bacon- He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English poet, author, polemicist and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England. He is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost.
John Bunyan (28 November 1628 – 31 August 1688) was an English Christian writer and preacher, famous for writing The Pilgrim's Progress. Anglicanism forms one of the principal traditions of Christianity, together with Protestantism, Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy
A Puritan of 16th and 17th-century England was an associate of any number of religious groups advocating for more "purity" of worship and doctrine Cavalier was the name used by Parliamentarians for a Royalist supporter of King Charles I during the English Civil War (1642–1651).
The New Model Army of Great Britain was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration. John Calvin (10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism.
"Round head" was the nickname given to the supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War. Benjamin Jonson (11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English Renaissance dramatist, poet and actor. A contemporary of William Shakespeare, he is best known for his satirical plays, particularly Volpone, The Alchemist, and Bartholomew Fair
Sir John Suckling (10 February 1609 - 1 June 1642) was an English poet and one prominent figure among those renowned for careless gayety, wit, and all the accomplishments of a Cavalier poet, and the supposed inventor of the card game Cribbage William Tyndale( 1494 – 1536) was a 16th-century Protestant reformer and scholar who translated considerable parts of the Bible into the Early Modern English of his day.
Myles Coverdale (1488 – 20 January 1569) was a 16th-century Bible translator who produced the first complete printed translation of the Bible into English. The term dissenter labels one who disagrees in matters of opinion
An interregnum is a period of discontinuity of a government, organization, or social order. The Rump Parliament was the name of the English Parliament after Colonel Pride purged the Long Parliament on 6 December 1648 of those members hostile to the Grandees' intention to try King Charles I for high treason.
Carpe diem- "seize the day" Absolutism (1610-1789) is a historiographical term used to describe a form of monarchical power that is unrestrained by any other institutions, such as churches, legislatures, or social elites.
The divine right of kings is a political and religious doctrine of royal absolutism. Heliocentric is the astronomical theory that the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun and that the Sun is stationary and at the center of the universe.
geocentric is the theory, now superseded, that the Earth is the center of the universe and other objects go around it Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton.
The Pilgrim's Progress is a Christian allegory written by John Bunyan and published in February, 1678. Nov. 5 1604-5 - gunpowder plot
1611- May 2 King James, the Bible is published for the first time in London, England By printer Robert Baker 1642-1660 - Puritan Revolution
January 30 1649 – King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland is beheaded. His widow Henrietta Maria returns to her native France. May 8 1660 – The Parliament of England declares Prince Charles Stuart King Charles II of England.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649), Saint Charles Stuart, was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution. Charles famously engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England James II & VII (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) was King of England and Ireland as James II, and Scotland as James VII. He was the last Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
The phrase William and Mary usually refers to the joint sovereignty over the Kingdom of England, as well as the Kingdom of Scotland, of King William III and his wife Queen Mary II, a son-in-law and daughter of James II. Anne Hathaway (1556 – 6 August 1623) was the wife of William Shakespeare.
he House of Hanover (the Hanoverian's) is a Germanic royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg , the Kingdom of Hanover and the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. George I (28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of Hanover in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.
George II August; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. George III (4June1738– 29January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death
Sir Isaac Newton- was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian who is considered by many scholars and members of the general public to be one of the most influential scientists in history.
Created by: mbell93