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Light and Energy

DefinitionTerm
Measures the weight of an object. Spring Scale
Measures the mass of an object. Triple Beam Balance
How much matter is in something. Measured in grams and not affected by gravity. Mass
Anything that takes up space. Matter
How much space something takes up. Measured in liters and milliliters. Volume
The amount of molecules in matter that allows an object to sink or float. Density
Floats Less Dense
Sinks More Dense
Liquid changing to a gas. Evaporation
Gas changing to a liquid. Condensation
A material that allows heat or electricity to flow through it easily. Conductor
A material that does not allow heat or electricity to flow through it easily. Insulator
Two or more substances that keep their physical properties when mixed together. Mixture
A type of mixture in which one substance dissolves in another and tends to be more difficult to separate. Solution
The ability to do work. Energy
Energy of heat. Thermal Energy
Energy of motion. Mechanical Energy
Energy produced by the Sun. Solar Energy
Energy in the form of waves that can travel through space. Light Energy
Made by vibrations. Sound Energy
Energy of moving electrons or electric charges. Electrical Energy
Power source of a circuit. Source/Cell/Battery
Turns a circuit on and off but is not required to have a working circuit. Switch
A circuit in which electrons only have one path to take. If one light goes out, they all go out. Series Circuit
A circuit in which electrons have multiple paths to take, if one light goes out the rest can still work. Parallel Circuit
The bouncing back of light. Reflection/Reflect
The bending of light as it moves through one medium into another. Refraction/Refract
A transparent object that bends light and separates white light into the colors of the visible light spectrum. ROYGBIV. Prism
To pass on to another. Transmit
A substance or material that makes it possible for the transfer of energy from one location to another. Medium
Created by: Mr. Minett