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CNA Terminology List

Sudden, short term Acute
Dementia due to changes in the brain Alzheimers Disease
Able to walk Ambulatory
Inability to express oneself properly through speech and/or loss of verbal comprehension Aphasia
Large blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart to the tissues Artery
Inflammation of the joints and tissues Arthritis
An abnormal deep stupor - sleeplike - cannot be awakened Coma
Used to describe the condition of a patient in a coma. Sometimes the word unconscious is used. Comatose
The ability th think, reason, make and remember decisions Cognition
Infrequent and difficult bowel evacuation Constipation
Infrequent, stong, involuntary muscular contractions Convulsion
Cerebral Vascular Accident CVA/Stroke
Slightly bluish, grayish discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen Cyanosis
Ulcerated, worn away area on the skin due to lack of oxygen Decubitus Ulcer
Bowel Movement Defecate
distortion/disfiguration in a certain area Deformity
Deterioration, breakdown Degeneration
False fixed belief (fear of being poisoned or others hurting them) Delusion
Progressive deterioration of mental function Dementia
Condition in which the body is unable to utilize the glucose taken in by a normal diet. There is an inbalance between insulin produced by the body and sugar taken in. Diabetes
Frequent, watery bowel evacuation Diarrhea
Difficulty swallowing Dysphagia
Condition in which the body tissues contain an excess amount of fluid. Edema
Standards of behavior : right or wrong Ethics
Special customs, language, national orgin and/or heritage Ethnicity
Illegal use of vulnerable adult's property, or personal items. Exploitation
Arms and/or legs Extremities
Study of the elderly/aging Geriatrics
Paralysis of one side of the body Hemiplegia
Adnormal loss or discharge of blood Hemorrhage
High Blood Pressure Hypertension
Low blood pressure Hypotension
Hard stool in bowel, unable to pass Impaction
Not able to control Involuntary
Inability to control urine or stool Incontinence
The federal health insurance program for the aged and disabled, specified under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act. Federally funded. Medicare
Known in MN as "MA". The program is intended for furnace necessary medical care for low-income persons. The MA program is funded by federal and state dollars, and is administered by state and counties. Medicaid
Relates to the mind Mental
Heart Attack Myocardial Infarction
Failure to provide goods and services necessary to avoid physical harm Neglect
Paralysis of the lower half of the body - waist down Paraplegia
Disease causing microorganism : germ Pathogen
Relates to the body Physical
Artifical or man-made part or organ (dentures, false eyes) Prosthesis
Ulcerated or worn away area on the shin. Also known as Decubitis Ulcer Pressure Sore
Rhythmical throbbing of artery showing how fast the heart is beating Pulse
Assisting residents to be aware of time, place and person. Reality Orientation
Go back, as to child-like behavior Regress
The act of breathing. One inspiration and one expiration = one respiration Respiration
Calmed by the effects of a drug Sedated
Force of skin over a bone when the bone moves but the skin stays at the point of contact. (as by pulling out from under the skin) Shearing
Depression of body functions, principally the circulatory and respiratory systems Shock
Evidence of something abnormal in the body, which is observed by the nursing team through seeing, listening, touching, or smelling. Sign
Practices that reduce the risk of disease transmission like wearing gloves, or washing hands. Standard Precautions
Measurement of degree of heat. Temperature
Area from neck to legs Trunk
Small blood vessel carrying blood to the heart to be re-oxygenated Vein
Urination Void
Controllable Voluntary
Created by: rbrandt