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living things

TermDefinition
unicellular organisms with one cell
multicellular organisms made of two or more cells,more complex,specialized to do different tasks,cells work together
water most common chemical,essential for life
carbohydrates provide cells with energy (simple or complex)
proteins and lipids used for building cells
nucleic acids dna;provide instructions to carry out the functions of life
grow to become larger;organisms make more cells
develop to change
stimulus a change or signal in the environment that can make an organism react in some way
response an action or change in behavior
asexual create identical offspring and to one parent
sexual create offspring with a combination of dna from two parents
producers make their own food
consumers eat the food
controlled experiment carries out two or more tests that are the same in every way except one-the independent variable
control group exposed to the same factors as the experimental group,but given the normal or no treatment
water (2) cells need water,substances dissolve in water and are transported easily
autotroph self feeder
heterotroph feeds on others (consumer;decomposer)
space must have food and water in living space competition survival exists on this space
homeostasis maintain a stable internal environment many methods of maintaining homeostasis
Linnaean Naming System Carolus Linnaeus arranged organisms based on observal feature
binomial nomenclature two part naming system made up of the organism's genus and species the more groups that two organisms share,the more characteristics they have in common
taxonomy study of how organisms are classified scientists use taxonomy to identify the name of an unknown organism
domains broadest level of classification eukarya-plant,animal,protist,fungi archaea and bacteria-unicellular organisms without nuclei
genus first and capitalized
species second and lowercase
name looks like this (usually in latin) 𝙏𝙧𝙮𝙖𝙣𝙣𝙤𝙨𝙖𝙪𝙧𝙪𝙨 𝙧𝙚𝙭;𝙁𝙚𝙡𝙞𝙭 𝙙𝙤𝙢𝙚𝙨𝙩𝙞𝙘𝙪𝙨
taxonomic keys (or dichotomous key) helps to identify an organism
common ancestry as evidence of evolution increased,scientists changed how they classified organisms,certain organisms may be similar because they share a common ancestor
did king phillip come over from germany swimming domain,kingdom,phylum class,order,family genus,species
Created by: ferrstudy
 

 



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