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Nature of Science 7

Vocabulary for the test Sept 26.

TermDefinition
communicate To share or exchange information, news, or ideas.
conclusion The last step of hte scientific mehtod- inferences are explained here using the evidence (data).
constant The part that doesn't change during the experiment. Also called a controlled variable.
control The group that the independent variable is compared to.
data Collected during the observations part of the scientific method. It can be qualitative or quantitative.
dependent variable The thing that can change during an investigation that the scientist is looking for- also known as the data.
engineering The application of science to solve real world problems.
equipment tools or items scientists use
experiment The third part of the scientific method. It is the procedure telling the scientist what to do step by step.
fire The three components of this are heat, oxygen and fuel.
fire extinguisher Used to put out a fire- the acronym for usage is PASS (what does each letter stand for?)
hypothesis The second part of the scientific method where the scientist makes an educated guess.
independent variable The part of the investigation that can change on purpose- the scientist chooses to change this part to see what happens somewhere else.
inference Using background knowledge and observations to start to draw a final conclusion.
investigation One project or activity that uses the scientific method to find the answer to 1 specific question.
natural world All of the animals, plants, and other things existing in nature and not made or caused by people.
narrative Observations in words, also known as qualitative.
observation The fourth part of the scientific method that requires the scientist to use his/her 5 senses to record what is happening in the investigation.
problem an issue to solve
pseudoscience Fake science; does not use the scientific method.
science The study of anything using the scientific method. 3 branches~ physical, life, earth
scientia The latin word for knowledge, it is where the subject name comes from.
scientific method The process that scientists use to conduct investigations.
scientist A person who studies one of the 3 branches of science
technology The process or product made by engineers.
3 branches of science physical, life, earth
balance A piece of equipment used to accurately mass. It is not affected by gravity.
graduated cylinder A piece of equipment that is used to accurately measure liquid and irregularly shaped objects' volume.
ruler A piece of equipment that is used to accurately measure regularly shaped objects' volume.
beaker/flask A piece of equipment that is used to hold/heat liquids or estimate volume.
thermometer A piece of equipment that accurately measures temperature.
Quantitative Observations that represent a number.
Qualitative Observations that represent words such as those as a result of the 5 senses.
Scale A piece of equipment that is used to accurately measure weight. It is affected by gravity and is NOT usually used in science class.
-ology This suffix means a branch of knowledge.
-ist This suffix means a person that belongs to a branch of knowledge.
theory An idea that has a lot of investigations' worth of information to support it.
hypothesis An idea that has 1 investigation's worth of information to support it.
Created by: jdinapoli