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Vocab 3 LEB

Litigate resolving a dispute in court
Mediator independent 3rd party who tries to develop a non-binding solution acceptable to both sides of a dispute
Arbitrator independent 3rd party who develops a binding and enforceable resolution to a dispute
Court governmental forum that administers justice under the law
Trial Court first court to hear a dispute
Verdict the jury's decision on a case
Original Jurisdiction the power to hear a case in full for the first time
Clerks enter cases on the court calendar, keeps records of proceedings, and often compute court costs
Sheriffs serve as bailiffs
Bailiffs summon witnesses, keep order in the court, take steps to carry out judgments in the state court systems
Marshals "bailiffs" of the federal court system
Appellate Courts reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significant error of law was made during trial
Transcript verbatim record of what went on at trial
Appellate Briefs written arguments on the issues of law submitted by opposing attorneys
General Jurisdiction court that can hear almost any type of case
Special Jurisdiction court that only hears one specific type of case
Writ of Certiorari order to a lower court to produce the record of a case for the Supreme Court to review
Circuit Courts have general original jurisdiction over both criminal and civil manners
Associate Courts court that hears minor criminal cases, state traffic offenses, and lawsuits involving amount of no more than $25,000
Municipal Court city court, usually divided into traffic and criminal divisions
Small Claims Court state courts that handle disputes in which small amounts, generally, $2,500 or less, are involved
Juvenile Court for young members of society. Rehabilitation not punishment (less than 18 years old)
Probate Court administers wills and estates
Created by: LEBSPAN