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Ecology - Science JC

QuestionAnswer
What is ecology? The study of the interactions between plants, animals and their environment.
What is a habitat? An area where a plant or animal lives.
What is a food Web? Consists of two or more interconnected food chains.
What is a consumer? Animals that get their food from plants or other animals.
What are decomposers? Organisms that feed on dead plants and animals eg bacteria.
What is a niche? It is its role in a community, how it fits in and how it reacts with other organisms.
What is a community? All the animals and plants that live in a particular habitat or area and share the resources in that area.
What is a herbivore? An animal that only eats plants.
What is a carnivore? An animal that only eats other animals.
What is a omnivore? An animal that eats both plants and animals.
What is a food chain? A list of organisms in which each organism is eaten by the next one in the chain.
What is interdependence? Living things depend on each other for survival.
Name an example of interdependence. A plant relies on an insect for pollination while the insects relies on the plant for food.
What is adaptation? A structure or habit that helps and organism to survive in its own habitat.
Name an example of adaptation in animals. It is brown for camouflage. Long ears so it can detect the presence of it's predetors.
Name an example of adaptation in plants. Some plants have a nasty taste to deter predetors eg giant hogweed.
When does competition take place? It takes place when two or more organisims require something that is in short supply. Plants and animals compete for space, light, food and water.
Created by: _ciara.q