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anatomy test 1 sg

ch 1 & 3

TermDefinition
Life begins at the _______ Basic units of all living organisms= cell
cell Life begins at the _______ Basic units of all living organisms=
function; form (structure) physiology is to ___________ as anatomy is to _______________
molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ system, organism simple to complex
histology the study of cells under a microscope
physiology study of an organ's function
molecular, cell, tissue, organ, organ systems, organism levels of organization (Fig 1.2)
extrinsic regulation goosebumps . OR The nervous system stimulates the heart to beat faster during exercise.
thermo receptor type of sensor in a negative feedback loop that controls body temp
abdominopelvic quad and regions fig (1.4)
Upper left quadrant quadrant where spleen is located
frontal vertical plane that divides the body into front and back
saggital vertical plane that divides the body between right and left
transverse horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom
subject's right and left refer to ___________ right and left, not the observer.
retroperitonial Location of kidneys and pancreas
blood clotting One of the few examples of positive feedback
cytology study of the internal structure of cells
surface anatomy general form and markings refers to this kind of anatomy
pathological anatomy type of anatomy that deals with features which change during illness
systemic physiology type of physiology that deals with the function of sspecific organ systems
skeletal system system that provides support, protects soft tissue, stores minerals and forms blood organ system is responsible for the support and protection of organs and tissues and includes bones and cartilages
cardiovascular organ system that transports nutrients, waste, gases, and defense sells
lymphatic organ system that relates to spleen and tonsils
endocrine organ system that relates to pituitary gland and tonsils
respiratory organ system that removes CO2 (carbon dioxide) from blood
integumentary organ system that relates to skin, hair, and nails
auscultation term that means listening to sounds
organ physiology auscultation is an example of what type of physiology
anatomical landmarks One uses _____________ ____________ to know complete auscultation (listening to bodily sounds like a heartbeat
medical terminology The kind of terminology that anatomy uses
Terminologic Anatomic sets the standard for medical terminology vocabulary
Greek and Latin Languages that early medical terminology is derived from
anterior/ventral Terms that mean the front side of body
dorsal/posterior Terms that mean the back side of the body
buttocks the term gluteals refers to
distal A term that means moving toward the main trunk of the body is : (for example moving from the elbow toward the shoulder)
proximal A term that means moving further away the main trunk of the body is : (for example moving from the shoulder toward the hand)
medial Means closest to center of the body (For example the heart is ______, or closer to the center of the body than the lungs)
superior term that means moving up the body toward head
inferior term that means moving down the body toward feet
gluteal medical term referring to butt
pedal medical term referring to foot
carpal medical term referring to wrist
pollex medical term referring to thumb
patella medical term referring to knee
organs tissues join together to make ___________
diaphragm Muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
digital sutraction bangiography (DSA) imaging technology that monitors blood flow in the body
parietal serosa membrane for the inner surface of cavity walls
visceral serosa membrane that covers internal organs
PET scan imaging to assess metabolic and physiological activity
Ultrasound imaging technology that uses soundwaves
heart visceral pericardium covers this ____________
homeostasis central principle of physiology: OR maintenance of constant internal environment:
contralateral Term meaning opposite side
ipsilater term meaning same side
molecular biology field that has made the most progress over the last 2 decades
anatomy means “cutting open,” that denotes the study of the structure of internal and external features of the body and how they relate to each other
molecular level of organization that is the smallest and simplest
anatomical position feet together, arms and hands at sides, palms facing foward
cephalic or cephalon anatomical term for head
thoracic & abdominopelvic two main divisions of the ventral body cavity
abdominopelvic In what body cavity would you find the liver?
physiology study of how living organisms perform their functions
systemic anatomy study of structures of the cardiovascular system
histology study of the structure of muscle tissue (cells under a microscope)
organ physiology study of the function of the stomach is an example o
chemical levels of organization is the smallest and simplest
autoregulation general mechanism involved in homeostatic regulation occurs when a cell, tissue, organ, or organ system adjusts its activities automatically in response to an environmental stimulus
negative feedback homeostatic regulatory mechanisms involves a response to a stimulus that reverses or negates the stimulus
positive feedback homeostatic mechanism produces a response that enhances or exaggerates a stimulus
cytoskeleton Which of the following functions to give the cell an internal protein framework that is strong and flexible?
mitochondria membranous organelles
cytoplasm the intracellular fluid and forms a medium in which the organelles are suspended=
organ something made of two or more tissues that work together to perform several functions
integumentary system Which organ system protects against environmental hazards, helps regulate body temperature, and provides sensory information?
receptor Which part of the homeostatic regulatory system detects changes in the environment?
negative feedback (ex. regulation of body temp) (positive feedback is rare) What is the body’s primary mechanism of homeostatic regulation?
when the body cannot maintain homeostasis When does disease or illness form?
inferior The mental region is __________ to the nasal region.
lateral The arms are __________ to the sternum.
thoracic The heart is found in which body cavity
Liver Which of the following is NOT found in the mediastinum? Heart, liver, trachea, or esophagus
Lungs are pleural cavity Which of the following is NOT found in the abdominopelvic cavity? lungs, liver, pancreas, or stomach
peritoneum membrane lining the abdominopelvic cavity
pelvic The rectum is found in which cavity
visceral pleura This covers the surface of the lungs
reduce friction An example of a function of serous membrane
pelvic cavity In which cavity is a woman's uterus
reduces change purpose of negative feedback
amplifies change purpose of positive feedback
medial toward the midsagittal plane
superficial close to the body surface
distal away from an attached base
proximal toward an attached base
lateral away from the midsagittal plane
deep farther from the body surface
urinary organ system that excretes waste products from the blood
muscular organ system that provides movement and generates heat
repiratory organ system that provides oxygen to the bloodstream and removes carbon dioxide from the bloodstream
digestive organ system that breaks down and absorbs nutrients
reproductive organ system that produces sperm/oocytes and hormones
cardiovascular system that distributes blood cells, water, dissolved materials, and heat and assists in control of body temperature
nervous system system that coordinates or moderates activities of other organ systems
integumentary system system that protects against environmental hazards
endocrine system that adjusts metabolic activity and energy use by the body
skeletal system that provides support and protection for organs and tissues
lymphatic system that defends against infection and disease
Created by: ryne.bibbs