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Module #1

Apologia Exploring Creation 2nd Edition

DirectiveAnswer
Define: Science An endeavor dedicated to the accumulation and classification of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world.
Define: Papyrus An ancient form of paper, made from a plant of the same name.
Define: Spontaneous generation The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances.
Name the 1 of the 3 "lessons/take-aways" from the history of science that I specifically noted. We should support a scientific idea based on the evidence, not based on the people who agree with it; Belief in spontaneous generation and the Ptolemaic system lasted so long mostly out of respect for Aristotle and Ptolemy, not because of the evidence.
Name the 1 of the 3 "lessons/take-aways" from the history of science that I specifically noted. Scientific progress depends not only on scientists, but also on government and culture. Science stalled in the Dark Ages because there was little government or cultural support for it.
Name the 1 of the 3 "lessons/take-aways" from the history of science that I specifically noted. Scientific progress occurs by building on the work of previous scientists.
Who was Imhotep? An ancient Egyptian doctor. His medical practices were renowned throughout the known world.
Why don't we consider the ancient Egyptians scientists? They never used their observations to explain the world around them. Instead they simply used a trial and error approach. True science requires observation and explanation.
Who was Thales? Anaximander and Anaximenes? They were ancient Greeks who were among the first scientists.
Leucippus and his student, Democritus, are remembered for what idea? They are best remembered for their idea that all matter is composed of atoms.
Who championed the idea of spontaneous generation and is responsible for it being believed for so long? Aristotle
Who came up with the first classification scheme for living creatures? Aristotle
What is the main difference between the geocentric system and the heliocentric? Which is correct? The geocentric system placed the earth at the center of the center of the universe. The heliocentric system has the sun at the center and the planets traveling around it. The heliocentric system is more correct.
What was the main goal of the alchemists? They wanted to turn lead into gold.
Why don't we consider the alchemists to be scientists? They were not true scientists because their approach was strictly trial and error. They did not try to explain the world around them.
What was the main reason that science progressed near the end of the Dark Ages? Science began to progress towards the end of the Dark Ages because the Christian worldview began to replace the Roman worldview. Since the is a perfect fit with science, the establishment of that worldview was essential for progress.
Who is considered to be the first modern scientist and why does he deserve that honor? Grosseteste was the first modern scientist because he was first to use the scientific method.
Two great works were published in 1543. Who were the authors and what were the subjects? The authors were Copernicus and Vesalius. C-arrangement in space. V-human body.
Although Galileo collected an enormous amount of data in support of the heliocentric system, he was forced to publicly reject it. Why? Galileo was forced to recant belief in the heliocentric system by the Roman Catholic church. Otherwise, he would have been thrown out of the church.
Galileo built an instrument based on descriptions he had heard of a military device. This allowed him to collect a lot more data about the heavens. What did he build? Galileo built a telescope, which helped him gather a lot of data about the planets and their motion.
Who was Sir Isaac Newton? Name at least three of his accomplishments. Newton was one of the greatest scientists of all time. Laws of motion, universal law of gravity and invented calculus were his most important accomplishments. Also wrote Bible commentaries, proved white light is made up of many colors of light.
A major change in scientific approach took place during the Enlightenment. What was good about the change and what was bad about it? The good part was that science began to stop relying on the authority of past scientists. The bad part was that it began to move away from the authority of the Bible.
What was Lavoisier's greatest contribution to science? Lavoisier came up with the Law of Mass Conservation. Also, described combustion.
What is John Dalton remembered for? Dalton is remembered for the first detailed atomic theory.
What is Charles Darwin remembered for? Darwin is best known for his book, The Origin of Species. You could also say evolution.
What does immutability of species mean? Who showed that this notion is wrong? It refers to the mistaken idea that living creatures cannot change. Darwin.
What is Gregor Mendel remembered for? His work on how traits are passed on during reproduction. You could also say genetics.
James Clerk Maxwell is known as the founder of modern __________. Physics
What law did Jamess Joule demonstrate to be true? The First Law of Thermodynamics
What is the fundamental assumption behind quantum mechanics? Who first proposed it? That energy comes in small packets called "quanta." Max Planck
What is Niels Bohr remembered for? His mathematical description of the atom.
Einstein was one of the founders of the quantum mechanical revolution. He also is famous for two other ideas. What are they? The special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity.
Created by: CMuny