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Vocab 1.3-1.5

chapter 1 vocabulary

TermDefinition
observation the process of obtaining information by using the senses; the information obtained by it
data observations and measurements recorded during an experiment
hypothesis a testable idea or explanation that leads to scientific investigation
experiment a procedure that is carried out under controlled conditions to discover, demonstrate, or test a fact, theory, or general truth
independent variable condition or factor that is manipulated by a scientist during an experiment
dependent variable experimental data collected through observation and measurement
constant condition that is controlled so that it doesn't change during an experiment
theory a system of ideas that explains many related observations and is supported by a large body of evidence acquired through scientific investigation
measurement a determination of the dimensions of something using a standard unit
accuracy a description of how close a measurement is to the true value of the quantity measured
precision the exactness of a measurement
microscope tool that provides an enlarged image of an object
gene the most basic physical unit of heredity; a segment of nucleic acids that codes for a functional unit of RNA and/or a protein
molecular genetics study of DNA structure and function on the molecular level
genomics the study of entire genomes, especially by using the technology to compare genes within and between species
biotechnology use and application of living things and biological processes
transgenic organism whose genome has been altered to contain one or more genes from another organism or species
Created by: creasoner