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Biotic factors The living parts of an ecosystem are called biotic factors. Examples: soil, water, temperature, sunlight
Abiotic factors Nonliving things in ecosystems are called abiotic factors. Examples: soil, water, temperature, sunlight
Organism A single form of life; the simplest form of organization in ecology.
Population All members of one kind of organism that live in a particular area.
Communities A group of different populations of organisms
Ecosystem A collection of different communities and the abiotic factors.
Niche the specific role an organism plays in an ecosystem
California Gold Rush period where thousands of people went west to search for gold
Cattle Drive when cowboys guided huge herds of cattle north to new railroad lines extending across the Great Plains
Pony Express business that delivered mail from Missouri to California in just ten days
Telegraph invention that sent messages along wires using Electricity
Samuel B. Morse developed a way to send telegraph messages
Transcontinental Railroad a railroad across the continent linking the Eastern United States to the Western United States
Union Pacific began building train track west from Omaha, Nebraska. Most workers were Irish immigrants
Inspect to look at something or someone closely
Uninhabited an empty or abandoned place
Transferred to move or change from one place to another
Descended to move or fall in a downward direction
Alliance an agreement between nations to support and protect each other
Suffrage the right to vote
Infer to use the text and what you already know to draw a conclusion
Monopoly total control of a type of industry by one person or company
Evaluate to judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality
Deposition act of depositing sediments of rock in a new location
Interdependence mutual dependence between two or more organisms or group of organisms for survival in a specific environment
Ordered pairs a pair of numbers that give the coordinates of a point on a grid (horizontal coordinate, vertical coordinate)
Properties a sample of matter that is fixed by its state
Judge to show an (act claim statement, etc.) to be just or right
Pattern an ordered set of numbers, shapes or other mathematical objects arranged according to a rule
Emotional Regulation the way we deal with big feelings like anger, excitement, frustration, anxiety, etc.
Gratitude the state of being grateful and thankful
Empathy the ability to feel what others feel
Grit ability to keep working toward a goal, overcoming challenges and sticking with it even when it’s hard
Expression a mathematical equation without an equal sign
Created by: 00031638



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