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Ecosystems

5th grade Science vocabulary words

TermDefinition
Carnivore A consumer that gets energy from eating animals
Herbivore A consumer that gets energy from eating plants
omnivore A consumer that gets energy from eating plants and animals
decomposer an organism that gets energy from recycling nutrients by breaking down decaying material
producers an organism that makes its own food through the process of photosynthesis
consumer an organism that gets its energy by eating other organisms
biome areas that have similar climate and land features with specific types of plant and animal life.
organism a living thing
biotic adjective that describes living things in an ecosystem such as animals and plants
abiotic adjective that describes non- living things in an ecosystem such as animals and plants
terrestrial adjective that means having to do with land
aquatic adjective that means having to do with water
oxygen gas produced by plants that is needed for respiration by animals
carbon dioxide gas produced by animals that is needed for respiration by animals
adaptation a change in order to be successful in a new environment
algae an aquatic producer that is responsible for 70% of the earth's oxygen
ecosystem all living and non-living things found together in an environment
food web a model that shows how several food chains connect together
food chain a simple path that shows how energy moves from one organism to the next
transfer of energy how energy moves from one source to another
estuary an aquatic ecosystem where salt water and fresh water mix
fertile rich in nutrients
niche specific role based on traits that allow for competing organisms to live in an ecosystem
pollutant harmful substance that has negative effects on an ecosystem
population a group of the same type of organisms living in one area
photosynthesis chemical process by which plants use sunlight to create their own food.
Created by: ThelittlePanda10
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