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Ch 3 Fund Vocab

Words to know from Chapter 3 of Fundamentals

TermDefinition
Administrative laws legal provisions through which federal, state, and local agencies maintain self-regulation.
Advance directive written statement identifying a competent person's wishes concerning terminal care.
Allocation of scarce resources process of deciding how to distribute limited life-saving equipment or procedures.
Anecdotal record personal, handwritten account of an incident.
Assault act in which there is a threat or attempt to do bodily harm.
Assumption of risk when a client is forewarned of a potential safety hazard and chooses to ignore the warning.
Autonomy a competent person's right to make his or her own choices without intimidation or influence.
Battery unauthorized physical contact.
Beneficence "doing good" or acting for another's benefit.
Board of Nursing regulatory agency that manages the provisions of a state's nurse practice act.
Civil laws statutes that protect the personal freedoms and rights of individuals.
Code of ethics statements describing ideal behavior.
Code status manner in which nurses or health care personnel must manage the care of a client during cardiac or respiratory arrest.
Common law decisions based on prior cases of a similar nature.
Confidentiality safeguarding a client's health information from public disclosure.
Criminal laws penal codes that protect citizens from persons who are a threat to the public good.
Defamation act in which untrue information harms a person's reputation.
Defendant person charged with violating the law.
Deontology ethical study based on duty or moral obligations.
Documentation record keeping
Durable power of attorney for health care proxy for making medical decisions when a client becomes incompetent or incapacitated and cannot make decisions independently.
Duty obligation to provide care for a person claiming injury or harm.
Ethical dilemma choice between two undesirable alternatives.
Ethics moral or philosophical principles.
False imprisonment interference with a person's freedom to move about at will without legal authority to do so.
Felony serious criminal offense.
Fidelity being faithful to work-related commitments and obligations.
Good Samaritan laws legal immunity for passersby who provide emergency first aid to accident victims.
Gross negligence total disregard for another's safety.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) legislation that sets national standards for the security of health information, ensures that an individual's electronic, paper, or oral health information is protected.
Incident report written account of an unusual event involving a client, employee, or visitor that has the potential for being injurious.
Intentional tort lawsuit in which a plaintiff charges that a defendant committed a deliberately aggressive act.
Invasion of privacy failure to leave people and their property alone.
Justice principle for treating impartially without discrimination according to age, gender, race, religion, socioeconomic status, weight, martial status, or sexual orientation.
Laws rules of conduct established and enforced by the government of a society.
Liability insurance contract between a person or corporation and a company who is willing to provide legal services and financial assistance when a policyholder is involved in a malpractice lawsuit
Libel damaging statement that is written and read by others.
Living will a person's advance, written directive identifying medical interventions to use or not to use in cases of terminal condition, irreversible coma, or vegetative state with no hope of recovery.
Malpractice professional negligence.
Misdemeanor minor criminal offense.
National Practitioner Data Bank serves as a tracking system designed to protect the public from unfit health care practitioner.
Negligence harm that results because a person did not act reasonably.
Nonmaleficence "doing no harm" or avoiding an action that deliberately harms a person.
Nurse licensure compacts agreements between states in which a nurse licensed in one state can practice in another without obtaining an additional license.
Nurse practice act statue that legally defines the unique role of the nurse and differentiates it from that of other health care practitioners, such as physicians.
Nursing Home Reform Act federal legislation that sets standards of care and establishes certain rights for older adults.
Plaintiff person who claims injury.
Reciprocity licensure based on evidence of having met licensing criteria in another state.
Restraints devices or chemicals that restrict movement or access to one's body.
Risk management process of identifying and reducing the cots of anticipated losses.
Slander character attack uttered in the presence of others.
Statute of limitations designated amt of time within which a person can file a lawsuit.
Statutory laws laws enacted by federal, state or local legislatures.
Telehealth services technology that facilitates the transmission of health assessment and monitoring data with audio, video, and internet-based devices.
Telenursing health triage, or information through electronic or telephonic access.
Teleology ethical theory based on final outcomes.
Tort litigation in which one person asserts that an injury, which may be physical, emotional, or financial, occured as a consequence of another's actions or failure to act.
Truth telling ethical principle proposing that all clients have the right to receive complete and accurate information.
Unintentional tort situation that results in an injury, although the person responsible did not mean to cause harm.
Values ideals that a person believes are important.
Veracity the duty to be honest and avoid deceiving or misleading a client.
Whistle-blowing reporting incompetent or unethical practices.
Created by: Jessica Venyke
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