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course 9 review

unit 1-4 final

QuestionAnswer
DEFINE MICROBIOLOGY THE STUDY OF ORGANISMS THAT CANNOT BE SEEN WITH THE NAKED EYE
WHAT ARE SOME TYPES OF MICROORGANISMS? ALGAEFUNGIRICKETTSIAEPROTOZOAVIRUSES
CAN MICROORGANISMS BE DISEASE CAUSING OR NOT? BOTH
WHAT ARE FUNGI? PLANTS THAT SOMETIMES CAN CAUSE DISEASE
WHAT IS THE TYPE OF MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES STREP THROAT? BETAHEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCI
WHAT TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT IS BENEFICIAL FOR MICROORGANISMS? WARMDARKMOIST
AT WHAT TEMPERATURE DO MICROORGANISMS SURVIVE & GROW? BODY TEMP.= 98.6/ 37 DEGREES CELSIUS
WHAT ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF DIRECT TRANSMISSION? KISSINGSNEEZINGTALKINGSEX
GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF INDIRECT TRANSMISSION TOUCHING A CONTAMINATED ITEM & THEN TOUCHING YOUR EYES, NOSE, MOUTH, ETC.NEEDLE STICKSINSECTSWATERSHARING A DRINK WITH SOMEONE
DEFINE STERILIZATION A METHOD BY WHICH ALL MICROBES ARE DESTROYED
HOW LONG IS THE STERILIZATION PROCESS IN AN AUTOCLAVE & AT WHAT PSI? 45MIN15PSI
IF THE RESULT OF A GRAM-STAINING PROCEDURE IS PURPLE IS IT POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE? POSITIVE
WHAT ARE THE NORMAL VALUES OF HEMOGLOBIN? 14-18 g/dL FOR MALES12-16 g/dL FOR FEMALES
IF SOMEONE IS CONSIDERED ANEMIC WHAT ARE THEIR HEMOGLOBIN VALUES? BELOW 200 g/dL
B.U.N. IS A TEST OF WHAT ORGAN? KIDNEY
WHAT ARE THE NORMAL VALUES FOR B.U.N.? 5-20 mg/dL
WHAT ORGAN IS THE BILIRUBIN TEST FOR? LIVER
WHAT ARE THE NORMAL VALUES FOR BILIRUBIN? 0.2-1.2 mg/dL
HOW LONG IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD & AT WHAT TEMPERATURE? 24-48 HOURS98.6
WHAT IS THE APPEARANCE OF A POSITIVE BLOOD AGAR PLATE? MOTH EATEN
WHAT IS THE PREGANGCY HORMONE? Hgc= HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN
WHAT ARE THE NORMAL VALUES OF A FASTING GTT? 70-120 mg/dL
WHAT IS GTT? GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST
WHAT IS HYPERGLYCEMIA? INCREASED BLOOD SUGAR
WHAT IS HYPOGLYCEMIA? DECREASED BLOOD SUGAR
WHAT ARE THE 2 MAJOR DIVISIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM? CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (PNS)
WHAT IS THE CNS MADE UP OF? BRAIN & SPINAL CORD
THE PNS CONSISTS OF 12 PAIRS OF WHAT? CRANIAL NERVES
THE PNS ALSO CONSISTS OF HOW MANY PAIRS SPINAL NERVES? 31
SYMPATHETIC NERVES GIVE OFF WHAT HORMONE? EPINEPHRINE
PARASYMPATHETIC NERVES GIVE OFF WHAT HORMONE TO BALANCE OUT THE SYMPATHETIC NERVES? NOREPINEPHRINE
THE PARASYMPATHETIC & SYSMPATHETIC NERVES WORK TOGETHER TO DO WHAT? GIVE US ADRENALINE IN TIMES OF FLIGHT OR FIGHT & COME US DOWN AFTERWARD
DESCIBE THE NEURON PATHWAY DENDRITES -> CELL BODY CONTAINING THE NUCLEUS -> AXON COVERED BY THE MYELIN SHEATH -> TERMINAL END FIBERS -> SYNAPSE
IF THE AXON IS COVERED BY THE MYELIN SHEATH WHAT COLOR IS IT? WHITE
IF THE AXON IS GRAY, WHAT IS HAPPENING? NO MYELIN SHEATH
WHAT IS THE GAP BETWEEN TERMINAL END FIBERS & THE NEXT DENDRITE? SYNAPSE
WHAT ARE AFFERENT NERVES? NERVES THAT CARRY IMPULSES TOWARD THE BRAIN & SPINAL CORD
WHAT ARE EFFERENT NERVES? NERVES THAT CARRY IMPULSES AWAY FROM THE BRAIN & SPINAL CORD
WHAT ARE IMPULSES THAT CALLED THAT TRAVEL ONLY TO THE SPINAL CORD & BACK? SIMPLE REFLEX
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID? TO PROTECT & NOURISH THE BRAIN & SPINAL CORD
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE MEDULLA OBLONGATA? CONTROLS VITAL SIGNS
WHAT IS SPINA BIFIDA? CONGENITAL DEFECT OF THE SPINAL COLUMN DUE TO IMPERFECT UNION OF VERTEBRAL PARTS
WHAT ARE THE 5 SENSES? SEEING, TOUCHING, SMELLING, HEARING, TASTING
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE IRIS? MUSCLE THAT CONTRACTS & DILATES THE PUPILCOLOR PORTION OF THE EYE
WHAT IS THE SHAPE OF THE IRIS? DONUT
WHAT DOES THE RETINA CONTAIN? RODS & CONES
WHAT ARE THE RODS RESPONSIBLE FOR? NIGHT VISION
WHAT ARE THE CONES RESPONSIBLE FOR? DAY & COLOR VISION
WHAT ARE THE 4 TASTE SENSATIONS? SWEETSOURSALTYBITTER
WHAT 2 THINGS AID IN TASTE? SALIVAMUCOUS
WHAT 2 SENSES WORK TOGETHER? OLFACTORY (SMELLING)GUSTATORY (TASTING)
WHAT IS PRESBYOPIA "OLD EYE"? VISION IMPAIRMENT DUE TO OLD AGE
CAN COLOR BLIND PEOPLE SEE COLORS? YESTHEY CANNOT DISTINGUISH BETWEEN THEM
Created by: momogallegos