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GEO - 1.03

Study Guide for Chapter 1.03 Quiz

QuestionAnswer
This part inside the earth is made up of hot iron mixed with other metals and rock. The inner part of this is solid, but the outer part is so hot that the metal has melted into liquid. Core
This is the middle part of the earth and it has two parts, an inner part that remains solid, but the rock in the outer part sometimes melts. Mantle
The is the part of the earth that is farthest away from the center and it is the thinest part. It can be anywhere from 31 to 62 miles thick. Crust
What is the theory that says that the crust consists of huge slabs of rock, that move. The slabs float on top of liquid rock just below the earth’s crust. They move—but often in different directions. Theory of Plate Tectonics
Why did geographers start to come up with the idea that there was one large land mass that has moved away to form the continents as we know them? Some of the continents appear to "fit together"
What is the name given to a plate that has a landmass on it? Continental Plate
What is the name given to a plate that does NOT have a land mass on it? Ocean Plate
What is produced when two Continental Plates crash into each other? high mountain ranges
What is an example of the high mountains that might be formed when two Continental Plates crash into each other? Himalayas
What happens when a continental plate crashes into an ocean plate? The ocean plate slides under the continental plate and forms molten rock that can lead to volcanoes and earthquakes.
What happens when two continental plates slide against each other? This creates faults, or cracks in the earth’s crust
What happens along a fault line when two continental plates slide past each other? earthquakes
What is the process of breaking surface rock into boulders, gravel, sand, and soil called? Weathering
What is the process of wearing away or moving weathered material called? Erosion
Created by: ColbyHistory