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Bio 2nd unit (cells)

QuestionAnswer
What is Homeostasis? I'ts maintaining a stable internal environment even though external conditions change
What is the cell theory -All living things are composed of cells - Cells are the basic unit of Structure and function - All cells come from preexisting cells
What are the to types of cells Prokaryotic and Eukaryotas
What are Prokaryotic cells Simple cells that have no membrane bound organelles
What are examples of Prokaryotic cells Bacteria
What are Eukaryota cells Cells that have membrane bound organelles and nucleus
What are some examples of Eukaryota cells? Multi-cellular organisms, unicellular protists, plant cells, animal cells
What are some some characteristics of a Cell wall - Made of cellulose - Used to help protect the cell wall
What are some some characteristics of Chlorophyll -Green pigment -Absorbs light
What are some some characteristics of Chloroplasts -Contains chlorophyll -Found in plants and algae only -Food production in plants -Photosynthesis- makes glucose
What are some some characteristics of Cytoplasm Gel-like substance on the inside of the cell
Endoplasmic reticulum -Internal transport system of cell -Series of canals, flattened stacks -Smooth or rough- can have ribosomes attached to it
Golgi body (apparatus) -Chemicals collected from ER in flattened sacs -Stores, packages and modifies proteins and moves them through cytoplasm
Ribosome -Makes proteins -Tiny knob like structures -Can be bound to ER (rough ER) or free in cytoplasm
Lysosomes -Formed in Golgi bodies -Contains strong enzymes to digest large particles in the cell
Mitochondria -Release energy from cell -The “powerhouse” -Cell Respiration -Double membrane, inner membrane folded
Nucleus -large most prominent structure in cell -Controls cell’s activities -Transmits hereditary information
Nuclear membrane -Separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm -Contains pores allows substances to pass in and out of nucleus
Nucleolus -Found in nucleus -Produces ribosomes
Plasma Membrane or Cell membrane -Outer boundary of animal cell -Made of double layer of lipids and proteins -Controls what enters and leaves the cell
Vacuole -Very large in plants -Bubble like structures -“warehouse” or “storeroom” of the cell -For water, liquids, food or waste
What characteristic are in Eukaryotic that aren't in Prokaryotic -Membrane bound organelles -Nucleus -
Which is bigger. Eukaryotic or Prokaryotic Eukaryotic
Created by: zOfficialupbeat