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English Flashcards


Short story a brief work of fiction intended to be reading a single setting
Characters people or animals who take part in the action
Characterization a writer uses what the character does or says to reveal personality
Traits a character's qualities, attitudes, and values
Motives The reasons for a character's actions
Setting the time and place of story's action
Mood the story's atmosphere
Plot a sequence of events in the story
Conflict Struggle between two opposing forces in the story
Internal conflict takes place in the mind of a character
External Conflict takes place between a character and an outside force, such as nature
Theme the message of the story or an insight about life
Plot structure the way in which story events are organized for dramatic effect
exposition introduces the characters and their situation
Inciting Event often included in the exposition, reveals the central conflict of a story
RIsing Action leading to climax develops the conflict
Climax The point of greatest intensity in a story the turning point where its outcome is determined
Falling action sets up the storys ending
Resolution shows how the conflict is ended
Point of view the perspective from which a story is told
First person pov presents the story from perspective of a charachter
Third person POV tells the story of a narrorator outside the story
Omnisicent third person is a point of view where the narrator knows all the thoughts, actions, and feelings of all characters. The author may move from character to character to show how each one contributes to the plot.
Limited Third person the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character. All characters are described using pronouns, such as 'they', 'he', and 'she'. But, one character is closely followed throughout the story, and it is typically a main character.
adaptation inherited trait that increases an organism’s chance of surviving and reproducing in a particular environment
conservation biology branch of biology that studies why many species are in trouble and what can be done to save them
evolution change over time
extinction occurs when the last individual of a species dies
introduce to bring a substance or organism into a habitat or population
natural selection process by which individuals with traits that help them survive in their environment live longer, compete better, and reproduce more than those individuals without these traits
survive to remain alive
variation slight difference in an inherited trait among a population
Created by: lsteng1