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CMA Chap 14 prac

What are two other names for digestive tract? Alimentary & Gastrointestinal.
What structures make up the digestive tract? Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine.
What are accessory organs of digestion? The salivary glands, liver , gallbladder , & pancreas.
What is ingestion? Taking in of food.
What occurs during mechanical digestion? Large pieces of food are broken down into smaller pieces to be acted on by enzymes.
What occurs during chemical digestion? Complex molecules are broken down into simple molecules that can be absorbed and used by cells.
What are the four layers of the digestive tract? Mucosa, submucosa, muscular layer, & serous layer.
What are the functions of sensory receptors located in the lips? Judging temperature & texture of food.
What muscles makes up the cheeks? Buccinator muscles.
What is the difference between hard & soft palate? Hard palate is supported by bone which is anterior. Soft palate is skeletal muscle & connective tissue which is the posterior.
Function of uvula? The function of the uvula is to direct food away from the nasal cavity.
What are two functions of papillae located on the tongue? Provide friction for manipulating food in the mouth & contain certain taste buds.
What is the function of lingual tonsils? Provides a defense against bacteria that enter the mouth.
What is the function of the tongue? Speech, Taste, Beginning of digestion.
Created by: SalBuddoo