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Latin Ch. 13 Culture

Ch. 13 Culture Terms (Religion)

Greek and Roman religions Deeply religious people, ancient native religion of Romans was animism. Romans fell more under influene of Greeks and their religion which was anthropomorphic
animism belief that gods did not exist in human form, but spirits were present in world in inanimate objects
anthropomorphic belief that gods lived in human form with human characteristics
Jupiter (Zeus) Greatest god; ruled the sky, and weather. Used thunderbolt to punish wicked. He had to keep other the gods and goddesses under control. Also had many affairs with mortal women.
Juno (Hera) Jupiter's wife; goddess of women and marriage. Relationship with husband was bad.
Neptune (Poseidon) Jupiter's brother; god of water and sea (symbol: trident)
Ceres (Demeter) Jupiter and Neptune's sister; goddess of crops and fertility
Minerva (Athena) goddess of wisdom and handicrafts. Born out of Jupiter's head
Apollo (Apollo) Son of Jupiter; god of sun, prophecy, music, and healing
Diana (Artemis) goddess of hunting, childbirth, and moon
Venus (Aphrodite) goddess of love, beauty, and sexuality; born from foam of the sea and came to land in Paphos, Cyprus. Through Mars she had a son: Cupid
Cupid (Eros) son of Venus and Mars; god of physical desire
Vulcan (Hephaestus) Venus' husband- lame god of fire/ blacksmiths
Mars (Ares) god of war; second most powerful god; father of Romulus and Remus
Bacchus (Dionysus) god of wine and freedom of the spirit
Mercury (Hermes) Zeus' messenger; god of trade; wore winged cap and sandals, and carried a herald's staff.
sacrifices Sacrifices were used to worship gods on special occaisons. Animals were often sacrificed for tribute and used as a break from the regular diet.
ponitfex maximus (High Priest), presided over a college of priests. Advised chief magistrates on religious matters.
Created by: lyp1089