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Japanese Verbs

Verbs Kanji Hiragana English

たす 足す add
こたえる 答える answer
つく 着く arrive
あびる 浴びる bathe, take a shower
いる 居る be
できる 出来る be able
うまれる 生まれる be born
なおる 直る be cured, healed
まける 負ける be defeated, lose a game
ちがう 違う be different, wrong
たりる 足りる be enough, suffient
みつかる 見つかる be found
喜ぶ yorokobu be glad, pleased
こまる 困る be in trouble
なくなる 無くなる be missing, vanish
みえる 見える be visible, able to see
こむ 込む become crowded
ぬれる 濡れる become wet
はじめる 始める begin
さく 咲く bloom
のる 乗る board, ride on
たてる 立てる build
かう 買う buy
しらべる 調べる check, investigate
えらぶ 選ぶ choose, select
のぼる 登る climb
しまる 閉まる close, be closed
つづく 続く continue, follow
つづける 続ける continue, proceed
なく 泣く cry
きる 切る cut
決める kimeru decide, choose
しぬ 死ぬ die
のむ 飲む drink
たべる 食べる eat
おわる 終わる end
たのしむ 楽しむ enjoy, have fun
はいる 入る enter
ふる 降る fall from the sky
つる 釣る fish
わすれる 忘れる forget
ならぶ 並ぶ form a line, equal
つかれる 疲れる get tired
おきる 起きる get up
かえす 返す give back, return (something to someone)
すすむ 進む go forward, advance
まわる 回る go round
ある 有る have, exist
もつ 持つ have, hold, own
たすける 助ける help
とぶ 飛ぶ jump, fly
しる 知る know
わらう 笑う laugh
ならう 習う learn
きく 聞く listen
すむ 住む live, reside
まちがえる 間違える make a mistake
さわぐ 騒ぐ make a noise, be rowdy
つくる 作る make, build, create
いる 要る need
あける 開ける open
わかれる 別れる part, separate from, be divided, divorced
はらう 払う pay
あそぶ 遊ぶ play
みがく 磨く polish
ほめる 褒める praise
ひく 引く pull
おす 押す push, press
よむ 読む read
もらう 貰う receive, get
おぼえる 覚える remember, learn
なおす 直す repair, cure
たのむ 頼む request, order, ask favour
やすむ 休む rest, sleep
かえる 帰る return, go home
はしる 走る run
いう 言う say
しかる 叱る scold, tell off
さがす 探す search for
うる 売る sell
おくる 送る send, see off
しめる 閉める shut
うたう 歌う sing
すわる 座る sit
ねる 寝る sleep, go to bed
はなす 話す speak
とまる 止まる stop
やめる 止める stop, give up, resign
およぐ 泳ぐ swim
ぬぐ 脱ぐ take off, remove (shoes, clothes)
とる 取る take, steal
おしえる 教える teach, show
おもう 思う think
さわる 触る touch or feel (with hands)
けす 消す turn off, erase
つける 点ける turn on, light
まがる 曲がる turn, bend
わかる 分かる understand
つかう 使う use, operate
きえる 消える vanish, go out, be extinguished
まつ 待つ wait
あるく 歩く walk
あらう 洗う wash
きる 着る wear
かぶる 被る wear (on your head), put on
はたらく 働く work
かく 書く write



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