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Apologia G Science-5

Apologia General Science Module 5 Definitions

Life Science A term that encompasses all scientific pursuits related to living organisms.
Archaeology The study of past human life as revealed by preserved relics.
Known Age The age of an artifact as determined by a date printed on it or a reference to the artifact in a work of history.
Dendrochronology The process of counting tree rings to determine the age of a tree.
The Principle of Superposition When artifacts are found in rock or earth that is layered, the deeper layers hold the older artifacts.
Bibliographic Test A test to make sure that the documents we have today are essentially the same as the original.
Internal Test A test to make sure that the document does not contradict itself.
External Test A test to make sure that the document does not contradict other know historical or archaeological facts.
Artifacts Objects made by people, such as tools, weapons, containers, etc.
Geology The study of the earth's history as revealed in the rocks that make up the earth.
Paleontology The study of life's history as revealed in the preserved remains of once-living organisms.
Radiometric Dating Using a radioactive process to determine the age of an item.
Aristotle's Dictum The benefit of the doubt is to be given to the document itself, not assigned by the critic to himself.
Absolute Age The calculated age of an artifact from a specific dating method that is used to determine when the artifact was made.
Created by: sarahburton
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