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Cells Vocab

Cell vocabulary 6th grade

Compound Light Microscope Serious of 2 lenses to magnify; invented by Robert Hooke
Prokaryote cells that lack a nucleus (no nucleus)
Eukaryote Cells that have a nucleus
Robert Hooke English scientist who looked at cork cells (tree bark) and used the term "cells"
Cell theory 1. All organisms are made of 1 or more cells 2. The cell is the basic unit of all organisms 3. All cells come from preexisting cells
organelles parts of a cell in eukaryotes
nucleus central location, membrane bound structure that manages cell function, only in Eukaryotes
nuclear membrane protective layer around the nucleus that controls what enters and exits
cytoplasm jello-like fluid that holds the organelles in place
mitochondria "powerhouse" controls the energy of a cell
nucleolus inside the nucleus; make ribosomes
ribosome site where enzymes and proteins are assembled according to DNA directions
Golgi bodies flattened system of tubular membranes that modify, package and send off proteins
lysosomes organelles that digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles and "eats" viruses and bacteria
cell membrane surrounds the cell and allows materials in and out
Rough ER Folded workspace WITH RIBOSOMES that carries out protein synthesis
Smooth ER Folded workspace WITHOUT RIBOSOMES that produces and stores fats
cytoskeleton network of thin, fibrous elements that support the cell and organelles
Vacuole Temporary storage of food, water or waste
Cell wall PLANT CELLS ONLY inflexible barrier that protects and supports a plant cell
Chloroplast PLANT CELLS ONLY organelle that contains chlorophyll where photosynthesis occurs
Chlorophyll PLANT CELLS ONLY uses light from the sun to make food and is green in color
Created by: AmandaIII