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Product Design

Miniaturisation

QuestionAnswer
What have developments in micro-electronics done? Reduced the size of products through technical advancements.
State three key developments in mobile phone technology. 1. Advanced integrated circuits (ICs) with microchips able to fit lots of circuitry. 2. Advanced battery technology. e.g. lithium rechargeable s. 3. Advanced liquid crystal displays allowing increasing quality in colour screens.
Research: Pre-microelectronics 1. Information from books/journals 2. Personal interviews 3. Communication by telephone or letter
Research: Current examples 1. Internet searches 2. Web-based market research 3. Mobile phone, text, email, social media
Design Collaboration and Communication: Pre-microelectronics 1. Drawings on paper 2. Face to face meetings 3. Landline phone calls 4. Designs would have to be posted
Design Collaboration and Communication: Current examples 1. CAD so easy to edit, save and send designs 2. Web conferencing, emailing, texting, social media 3. File sharing 4. Easier for designers to collaborate 5. Visual prototyping
Modeling and testing ideas: Pre-microelectronics 1. Handmade models using traditional materials 2. Destructive testing of full-size prototypes 3. Calculation based predictions of behavior of mechanisms and structures
Modeling and testing ideas: Current examples 1. Virtual models in simulated scenarios (can be seen by clients) 2. 3D printed models for testing 3. Complex computer applications and predictions (e.g. filite element analysis (FEA) to check stress effects.)
Manufacturing: Pre-microelectronics 1. Large number of skilled opportunities needed. E.g. for lathes 2. Many companies took on apprentices to pass on skills 3. Many parts stocked and monitored by paper based systems
Manufacturing: Current examples 1. Less skilled workers 2. Vast range of CNC machines 3. Robotic devices and AGVs = automatic guide vehicles handle materials and plants 4. JIT for efficiency 5. 3D printing
Created by: supercars