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Friendly Bio. Ch 17

Vocabulary Terminology for Chapter 17 in Friendly Biology

Question or TermAnswer or Definition
Photosynthesis Plants are able to take Carbon dioxide, water, & sunlight to produce fuel through a process called
Glucose The fuel a plant produces through photosynthesis.
Autotrophs Plants that are able to produce their own food supply.
Heterotrophs Living things that depend upon other living things as food.
Chloroplasts The cells of plants where photosynthesis takes place.
Cell walls The part of a plant cell that gives it strength and animal cells do not have.
Cellulose Long chains of glucose molecules, that make up the cell wall of plant cells.
Taxonomists divide all plants into two groups based upon the presence of what type of tissue? Vascular
Xylem Vascular tissue that carries water in the plant.
Phloem Vascular tissue that carries food, fuel. or glucose around the plant.
Divisions The plant kingdom's first level of classifications, unlike the animal kingdom's, which are phyla.
Bryophyta A single division of plants in the non-vascular division.
The Bryophyta Division is broken down into 3 classes that are: 1. Class Hepaticae, which are liverworts 2. Class Anthocerotae, which are hornworts 3. Class Musci, which are mosses
Division Psilophyta Has fern-like leaves and the most common member is the whisk fern.
Division Sphenophyta Includes plants known as horsetails, which have hollow stems and contain silica.
Division Pterophyta Includes ferns which have well developed underground rhizomes.
Division Cycadophyta Include Cycads and have seeds not enclosed in fruit.
Division Gingkophyta Includes one lone member, the gingko tree.
Division Gneophyto Includes the welwitschia plant, which has 2 very long leaves and a very short trunk.
Division Coniferophyta Include trees such as pines, firs, and spruces, which are referred to as evergreens and their leaves are like needle and they have seeds in cones.
Division Anthophyta Plants that have flowers and seeds enclosed in fruit.
Division Anthophyta is divided into 2 Classes that are: 1. Monocots, which are plants with one cotyledon, and include corn, grasses, irises, tulips 2. Dicots, which are flowering plants with seeds having 2 cotyledons, and include beans, peas, legumes
Perfect Flowers Those flowers that contain both male & female structures present.
Imperfect Flowers Those flowers that contain only one sex or reproductive structure.
Stamen The male part of a flower.
The two parts of the Stamen are: 1. Filament, which is stem-like 2. Anther, which is pollen producing
Pistil The female part of a flower.
The two parts of the Pistil are: 1. Style, which is stem-like 2. Stigma, which is the sticky top
Pollen carries 2 types of cells that form 1. pollen tubes 2. sperm cells
Pollen Tube Allows the sperm cells to join the ovules present in the ovary of the flower.
Created by: CDM2KK
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