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Social and Affective Neuroscience Key Studies

Andari et al., (2010) Oxytocin could act as part of a therapy for autism - cyberball experiment
Kosfeld et al., (2005) Oxytocin increases trust in humans Investor and trustee experiment
McGraw and Young (2010) Montane voles do not bond for life and are less social It is the location and amount of oxytocin which is important
Eisenberger et al., (2003) Cyber ball experiment Social rejection activates areas in the brain responsible for physical pain
Eisenberger et al., (2011) Being in the presence of a partner protects you from physical pain as the vmPFC lights up which dampens other areas
Fisher et al., (2005) 17 male and female participants - dopaminergic cells activated when partner's face viewed
Greene et al., (2008) Dual-route hypothesis When given a complex problem like trolley problem, frontal lobe needs to override limbic system
Hauser (2007) Trolley problem
85% Of people think it is morally permissable to kill 1 person to save 5
12% Of people think it is morally permissable to push 1 person to save 5
Calder et al., (2007) Brain regions involved in gaze perception
Posterior temporal sulcus Codes gaze perception
Occipital cortex Early visual analysis
Anterior superior temporal sulcus Gaze perception
Amygdala and limbic areas Social/emotional processing
Inferior parietal cortex Spatial attention system
Jenkins et al., (2006) Adaptation is used to see if there are specific cells in humans responsible for gaze perception
Phase 1 Acuity test Which way are eyes looking
Phase 2 Adaptation Eyes look left every time
Phase 3 Same as 1 but if eyes look slightly left, more likely to say they are looking forward
Baron-Cohen Modules for gaze processing Eye direction detector (EDD) Social attention mechanism (SAM) Theory of mind mechanism (TOMM)
Perrett Modules for gaze processing Mutual attention mechanism (MAM) Direction of attention detector (DAD)
Baron-Cohen et al., (1995) ToM and gaze perception Social interactions rely on efficient eye-gaze encoding
Bayliss et al., (2007) Gaze-cueing When you follow someone's gaze
Singer et al., (2004) Distinction between regions for sensory aspects and affective components of pain
Patient SM Bilateral damage to the amygdala impairs perception of emotion
Saxe and Kanwisher (2003) Temporo-parietal junction as a region specific for ToM
Apperly and Butterfill (2009) Two systems for belief representations
ToM lite early developing, fast, inflexible, infants and animals
ToM later developing, cognitively demanding, flexible, only in humans
Senju et al. differences between implicit and explicit ToM
Baron-Cohen et al., (1985) Sally-Anne task to test ToM Differences between typically developing children and those with autism
de Lange (2008) fMRI study between intention and means
Intention posterior cingulate, medial prefrontal cortex
Means superior temporal sulcus
Heider and Simmel (1944) 3 shapes experiment involved superior temporal sulcus
Perrett et al., (1985) cells in the superior temporal sulcus respond to certain types of body movements
Johansson (1973) can detect gender, mood and weight from observing someone walking
Bruce and Young (1986) cognitive model of face perception
Gauthier (1999; 2000) Domain general approach
Domain general approach all areas contribute to visual processing, but in different ways FFA is for expertise
Downing et al., (2006) images from 20 categories to see if any could activate FFA more than faces
Kanwisher (1997; 2000) Domain specificity
Domain specificity visual system is split into modules, key one being FFA face inversion effect, holistic advantage, prosopagnosia all support
Patient WJ prosopagnosia double dissociations can recognise sheep but not faces
Yin (1969) inversion effect
Frith and Frith (2009) the use of neuroimaging and computational models has helped evolution of social behaviour
Bennett et al. dead salmon experiment - key flaws in social neuroscience
Created by: 2478267918864033
Popular Psychology sets




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