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Friendly Bio. Ch 3

Vocabulary Terminology for Chapter 3 in Friendly Biology

Question or TermAnswer or Definition
Carbo- refers to the element carbon
-hydrate water or H2O
Fructose The natural sugar found in fruits
Mono one
Saccharide sugar
Monosaccharide carbohydrate made up of one kind of sugar molecule
Di two
Disaccharide carbohydrate made up of two kinds of sugar molecules
Table Sugar Sucrose
Sucrose Glucose + fructose
Lactose The natural sugar found in milk
glucose + galactose Lactose
The "gasoline" or fuel for living things Glucose
carbohydrate sugar
3 elements that make a carbohydrate Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Cn(H2O)n generic formula for a carbohydrate
Glucose Blood sugar
Type of structure carbohydrate has Ring
Isomer When two carbohydrates share the same number of elements, but have different structures
The two main jobs that enzymes do are 1. make reactions happen more rapidly with themselves not being changed and 2. to cut compounds apart
lactose intolerant is being deficient in the enzyme lactase which prevents them from digesting lactose and the excessive lactose is then feasted on by gut bacteria which produces copious amounts of gas
Maltose carbohydrate found in grains
Amylose Starch
Photosynthesis plant's ability to produce their own glucose
Stored in a plant's seeds or roots Amylose
linked glucose molecules into long, strong chains to give strength and support to the plant and the enzyme to break it back down into glucose is cellulose and cellulase
Ruminants consume large amounts of cellulose to be broken down in their rumens
Symbiotic relationship Relationship between two living things where one partner may or may not benefit
mutual symbiotic relationship Relationship between two living things where both partners benefit
Parasitism Relationship where one member benefits to the detriment of the other
Commensalism Relationship where one member benefits while the other is unaffected
Created by: CDM2KK