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chapter 22

QuestionAnswer
what are the two factors used to identify climate? temperature and precipitation
How does latitude affect the temperature of a region? The closer you are to the Equator, the more direct rays of sunlight you receive. More intense sunlight leads to higher temperatures.
What global wind belt do we live in? prevailing westerlies
In which ocean does El Nino occur? is it warm or cold shift in the current? pacific ocean, warm
What is a monsoon? where do they occur? A monsoon is a seasonal wind that often brings heavy rainfall to parts of Asia, Africa, and Australia.
what climate zone and sub climate do we live in? We live in the mid-latitude (temperate) climate zone, and the humid continental sub-climate.
how do volcanic eruptions affect climate? they eject ash and sulfur dioxide into our atmosphere. This partially blocks out sunlight, which causes cooling in the atmosphere.
what percentage of the worlds population lives on the near coastlines? 40%
which green house gas are climatologist worried about the most? Carbon dioxide
what action can you take to reduce your impact on climate change? consume less energy and and water - shut off light when out of a room and fix leaky facets
how are proxies used to study past climates? scientists can examine fossils about when rocks were deposited they use this information to reconstruct the climate story for that location
what is the urban heat island effect, and what causes it? as the population center grows it tends t expand its areas and increase it's average temp and it causes modification of land surface.
what are three components of Milankovitch Theory, and how do they affect climate? eccentricity, axis tilt, and precision. They combine to affect the amount of solar heat that's incident on the earths surface and subsequently influence climate patterns
what is the climate like in the desert? what is it like in the tropical rain forest? in the desert it is hot and dry with less that 250 mm of rainfall a year. the rain forests average temp is 70-85 degrees its pretty wet with humidity of 77-88% a year, yearly rainfall 80-400 inches a year
how does living near a large body of water affect a city's temperature precipitation? a large body of water has a higher heat capacity than land meaning it takes more energy to warm and cool temperatures of water cities close to water tend to have a narrow range of temperatures throughout the year
Created by: 801479