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NRTC Med/Surg Ch. 35

HIV/AIDS

QuestionAnswer
List four ways HIV can be transmitted blood, breast milk, vaginal secretions, and semen
An involuntary loss of more than 10% body weight, plus more than 30 days of either diarrhea, weakness, and fever. Wasting Syndrome
double layer lipid layer surrounding HIV virus capsid
copies RNA to viral DNA reverse transcription
Incorporates viral DNA into Host cell's DNA Integrase
Which test will help determine if a client has HIV antibodies in her bloodstream? ELISA
HIV cancer of the skin and connective tissue Kaposi's sarcoma
What race has the highest HIV rate? African Americans
What does the HIV lead to? AIDS
Are HIV patients only given one medication to treat complications? No, combination of 3 or 4 antiviral drugs
infections that usually do not occur in individuals with a healthy immune system. opportunistic infections
Type of drug people with HIV/AIDS are treated with. Antiretroviral
Clients need to be on a strict pill regimen so they don't develop what? Drug resistance
Immunosuppressed clients may develop serious diarrhea as a result of a protozoan called Cryptospordium
impairs the ability of infected T4 cells to recognize foreign antigens and stimulate B-cell lymphocytes AIDS
10-15 days after initial exposure; mistaken for the flu, strep, or another virus and then goes away. acute retroviral syndrome
used to be adjunct for AIDS to slow tumor/virus replication Hydroxyurea (Hydrea)
Degeneration of the brain, affects mood, cognition, and motor functions. AIDS dementia complex
Created by: LBerkey