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# Science

### Unit 8

Electricity a form of Energy
Name examples of electricity at home, school, or in nature. Home - wash clothes, heat water for showers, light; School - light, computers, smartboard, or copy machines; Nature - lightening
An electrical charge that builds up in an object Static electricity
Objects with the opposite charge Attract (pull)
Objects with the same charge Repel (push away)
A steady stream of charges that moves through a material, such as copper wire Current Electricity
The path the electrical current follows Circuit
For an electrical current to work, it must be Complete or closed
List some examples of new electrical technology. Electric cars, solar panels, smart meters
Give an example of an insulator related to electricity. Rubber around electrical wires or heavy clothing electrical workers wear
Give an example of a conductor related to electricity. Wires or plugs
A circuit that forms a complete loop; allows an electrical device to work Closed circuit
A circuit with a broken path; charges cannot flow Open circuit
Controls the flow of charges by opening and closing the circuit Switch
in a series circuit, electric charges must follow a Single path
In a series circuit, the battery's charged particles move from its Positive terminal to its negative terminal
What happens if any part of a series circuit breaks? The circuit is open and nothing works
Charges have several different paths to follow Parallel circuit
What happens if one of a parallel circuit breaks? The charges can still flow along the other paths
To protect us from fire, what are added to each circuit? Fuses and circuit breakers
How do fuses and circuit breakers work? They switch automatically and open if charges flow too fast through a circuit
Created by: schmaltzla

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