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genetic words voc

science words to learn

TermDefinition
Complimentary formally expressing praise.
Punctuation the activity of putting things together in groups.
Protein synthesis any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved.
Transcription process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA to form a complementary strand of mRNA.
Translation process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced.
Codon sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid.
Anticodon set of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a complementary mRNA codon during translation.
Splice make content or come together.
Exons sequence of DNA that codes information for protein synthesis.
Polypeptide amino combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another that’s usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein.
Restrictive enzyme enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences.
Karyotyping image of all of the chromosomes in a cell.
Transduction the sound waves into electrical waves.
Cloning genetically identical copy of a single gene or an entire organism.
Genetic engineering process of changing an organism’s DNA to give the organism new traits.
Gene mutation any event that changes genetic structure.
Chromosomal mutation one event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another.
Pedigree chart garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth.
Amniocentesis any of the diagnostic produces used to determine whether a fetus has a genetic abnormality.
Recombinant DNA genetically engineered DNA that contains genes from genes from more than one organism.
Created by: 1000798
 

 



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