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Genetics 2

liv/env

TermDefinition
Complimentary is a property (something that it can do) of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA.
Punctuation is a theory in evolutionary biology which proposes that once species appear in the fossil record the population will become stable
Protein Synthesis is a process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis, transcription, and translation.
Transcription The process of transcribing or making a copy of genetic information stored in a DNA strand into a complementary strand of RNA
Translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell's nucleus.
Codon is a sequence of three DNA or RNA nucleotides that corresponds with a specific amino acid or stop signal during protein synthesis
Anti- codon A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides located on one end of transfer RNA. It bounds to the complementary coding triplet of nucleotides in messenger RNA during translation phase of protein synthesis.
Splice The process by which introns are removed from hnRNA to produce mature messenger RNA that contains only exons
Exons is any part of a gene that will encode a part of the final mature RNA produced by that gene after introns have been removed by RNA splicing.
Polypeptide Are chains of amino acids. proteins are made up of one or more polypeptide molecules.
Restrictive Enzyme is a protein produced by bacteria that cleaves DNA at specific sites along the molecule.
Karyotyping is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of an eukaryotic cell.
Transduction is the process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell by a virus or viral vector.
Cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually.
Genetic Engineering The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone.
Gene Mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene.
Chromosomal Mutation A mutation involving a long segment of DNA. These mutations can involve deletions, insertions, or inversions of sections of DNA
Pedigree Chart An ancestral line or chart depicting the lineage or descent of an individual.
Amniocentesis is a procedure used to diagnose fetal defects in the early second trimester of pregnancy.which is a sample of the amniotic fluid, which surrounds a fetus in the womb,
Recombinant DNA is a cell or organism whose genetic complement results from recombination.
Created by: kwilliams5