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heredity

science

TermDefinition
heredity Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Trait specific characteristic of an individual
Punnett Square diagram showing the gene combinations that might result from a genetic cross
Genes Chemical factors that determine traits
Proteins amino acids
genetic engineering Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
DNA A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes.
Asexual having no sexual attraction to others
Reproduction the process by which organisms make more of their own kind
artificial selection human intervention in the form of selective breeding
Chromosomes threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
sexual A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents
selective breeding the human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits
Allele Different forms of a gene
Mutation A change in a gene or chromosome.
Phenotype An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Genotype genetic makeup of an organism
Mutualism both organisms benefit
Community All the different populations that live together in an area
Nucleus Control center of the cell
Nucleolus Makes ribosomes
Vesicle Small membrane-bound sac that functions in moving products into, out of, and within a cell.
Mitochondrion bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has its own ribosomes and DNA.
Organelle A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
Golgi Body (Apparatus) Processes proteins and transports them
Eukaryote organism whose cells contain a nucleus
Prokaryote unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
Mitosis division of the nucleus
Meoisis The process in which one sex cell divides into four new sex cells.
Osmosis diffusion of water
Diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Dominant most important, powerful, or influential.
Recessive An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
genealogy family history
Created by: enadiavarner