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Music Tech Final

Vocabulary and Concepts

TermDefinition
16 MIDI Channels The number of channels available to you in a MIDI connection. Provides the use of multiple MIDI controllers
Active Speaker Loudspeaker with an internal amplifier
Amplifier An electric device that boots sound to a level strong enough to move a speaker at the desires sound level
Analog A continuous signal, could be a wave form or steady electronic voltage variation
Audio File Editor Where you trim and edit audio wave information
Audio Interface Generally, a device which converts analog electrical signals to digital data that a computer can understand, and vice versa; often connected via USB cable
Automation A technique that is used to make a process such as volume, pan, echo, reverb, or tempo change automatically over a set period of time
Bouncing Tracks The process of turning the product created in a DAW to a mixed down mp3 or WAV file
BPM Beats per minute, how a metronome measures steady beat
Cardioid Pattern Heart shaped microphone pick-up pattern that rejects sound from behind
Condenser Microphone A high-quality, more expensive, sensitive microphone for critical sound pickup of the entire frequency spectrum. Microphone which uses either a battery or phantom power to supply electricity to a capacitor with a metal diaphragm
CPU Central processing unit of a computer. The brain where most calculations take place
DAW Digital audio workstation, a computer software program used for recording, editing, and producing audio files, GarageBand, Logic
Digital Discrete steps, the measurement of a parameter in equal steps to be stored in computer language
Dynamic Microphone Microphone which uses a coil of wire wrapped around a magnet. Known for being cheap, rugged, and affordable. It does not cover the complete frequency spectrum
Equalizer The tool used in order to boost or attenuate (cut) specific frequencies within a sound
Equalizer A device for adjusting the relative strengths of different audio frequencies. Used to boost or cut specific frequencies within a sound
Form Organization of large musical ideas
General MIDI Standard A subset of the MIDI spec that standardizes instrument names, patch locations, MIDI channel assignments, and drum kit note assignments between various synthesizer manufacturers
Hammond B3 Organ Electric organ first manufactured in 1935. It utilized organ keyboards and a Leslie Rotating Speaker to produce sounds. Sound is manipulated by sliding draw bars. Famous in churches and baseball fields.
Harmony The combination of multiple notes used to support the melodic line. Creates fullness, texture, color, or emotion
Layered Music The process of starting with a single musical idea or loop and gradually adding additional sounds or tracks one at a time
Les Paul Popular guitarist/songwriter who created the solid body electric guitar and pioneered the multitrack recording process
Loop Library Where loops are installed and indexed for use in composition
Marquee Tool A plus symbol shaped tool used for highlighting audio wave file information
Melody The main idea of a song, created using one note at a time
Metronome A tool used in music to mark time as a consistent steady click
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface, the language computers and hardware use to transfer musical information
MIDI Clock A timing code that is used to synchronize sequencers and drum machines
MIDI Controller Messages The use of tools and such as MIDI volume, modulation wheel, and sustain pedal
MIDI Instrument Controller The MIDI woodwind, percussion, and violin controller.
MIDI Interface A device that adds a MIDI in, out, and sometimes thru port to a desktop computer. Commonly used between the MIDI instrument and the computer to translate the MIDI signal for the computer
MIDI Port A MIDI software connection representing a MIDI in, out, or thru
MIDI Thru Box Device which splits the MIDI out signal of a master instrument or sequencer to avoid lengthy daisy chaining
Mixing Board An electronic board that can connect 4 to 72 different signals. It is used for combining and changing levels of various instruments and voices to create a desired sound
Monophonic An instrument that can produce only one sound at a time. Used to create a melodic line
Moog Synthesizer It was the first synthesizer to use a piano-style keyboard
Musique Concrete French classical music in which the composer works directly with sounds recorded on magnetic tape, not with musical notation and performers
Mute Button Disables the audio output of the track
Pan The separation of an audio signal between left or right audio channels
Passive Speaker A loud speaker that requires an external amplifier to work
Patch A specific sound on a synthesizer. The collection of processes required to generate a single sound from a synthesizer
Pencil Tool Allows for the entry of MIDI data using the computer mouse
Phantom Power Often seen on audio equipment as +48V. Provides the fixed charge for a condenser microphone
Piano Roll The screen which allows you to edit the time, location, length, and velocity of an entered MIDI note
Playhead Marks your project's current position in the timeline or the browser. It appears as a gray vertical line with a triangle at the top that is fixed in place unless you move it or the song is playing
Polyphonic An instrument that can produce many sounds at the same time. Used to create a harmonic line
Pre-amp A device used to provide amplification to the microphone so that the mixing board or audio interface can manipulate/sample the signal efficiently
RCA Mark I Synthesizer The first attempt by Columbia-Princeton Studios to create a synthesizer in 1959. It employed paper tape with specific holes punched in it in order to trigger sounds.
Rhythm How music moves in relation to time. Beat, pulse, or groove
Robert Moog Developed the keyboard based analog synthesizer in the early 1960's
Sampling Creating a MIDI controlled instrument from live recorded sounds
Sequencer A device that enables a person to assemble a sound file track by track. Allows for the recording and arranging of MIDI data
Sequencer Arrange Window The piano roll. This allows for the arrangement of individual MIDI notes within the timing grid
Solo Button Click to play only that track. Mutes all of the other tracks
Sound Library Where you select individual patches or instruments
Standard MIDI File (SMF) The standardized file format that allows different sequencers or computer programs to share MIDI data with each other
Teleharmonium Invented by Thaddeus Cahill. It weighed 200 tons and cost $200,000 to make in 1987. It was the first use of the term "synthesizing" to create musical sound
Theremin An early electronic instrument named after its inventor that creates sound from the motion (in the air) of the players hands
Track Separate layers of audio used to record sources individually
Transport Panel Contains the buttons for navigating through the song (rewind, play, fast forward)
TR Cable Two pin cable that is used for guitars and other instruments. Good for 20'
TRS Cable Three pin cable commonly used to connect balanced equipment, speakers, and headphones. Good for 100'
Wendy Carlos Late 20th and 21st century American composer, technician, and arranger using Moog synthesizers for film soundtracks and the albums The Well-Tempered Synthesizer and Switched-On Bach
XLR Cable The cable used for microphones or high quality balanced equipment such as audio mixers. Good for 200'
Yamaha DX7 Synthesizer The first affordable and portable synthesizer which used modern circuitry
Created by: grygrvin