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science ch 14

TermDefinition
bipedal of or relating to an animal that walks on two legs
bird four-limbed, endothermic vertebrate that lays amniotic eggs and has wings and feathers
courtship special behavior, such as a unique song or visual display, performed by an animal to attract a mate
generalist organism that has general (nonspecialized) traits for exploiting a variety of foods or other resources in the environment
incubation keeping eggs warm until they hatch
specialist organism that has specialized traits for exploiting a specific food or other resource in the environment
alveolus (alveoli, plural) one of millions of tiny sacs in the lungs of mammals where gas exchange takes place
frugivore heterotrophic animal that eats only or mainly fruit
insectivore heterotrophic animal that eats only or mainly insects
lactation production of milk from mammary glands by a female mammal to feed her offspring
mammal four-limbed, endothermic vertebrate that has hair or fur and mammary glands in females
mammary gland gland in female mammals that produces milk to feed offspring
marsupial member of the subclass of mammals that give birth to an embryo, which continues to grow and develop in a pouch on its mother’s body
placenta temporary, spongy organ that develops from both fetal and maternal tissues to nourish the fetus of a placental mammal
placental mammal member of the largest subclass of mammals that give birth to a relatively large fetus after a long pregnancy during which a placenta develops to sustain the fetus
sweat salty fluid produced by glands in the skin of mammals that helps cool down the body when it evaporates
monotreme member of the subclass of mammals that lay eggs, such as the platypus or echidna
brachiation moving through trees by using the arms and hands to swing from branch to branch
opposable thumb thumb that can be brought into opposition with the other fingers of the same hand so the hand can grasp and hold things
primate placental mammal in the Primate Order, which has five digits on each hand or foot and opposable thumbs
prosimian small primate such as a lemur or loris that is similar to the earliest primates
Created by: tmanfred