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genetics

TermDefinition
Genetics the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment.
Inherance the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
Heredity conferred by or based on inheritance
Alleles one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
trait a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person.
dominant most important, powerful, or influential.
recessive relating to or denoting heritable characteristics controlled by genes that are expressed in offspring only when inherited from both parents,
geneotype the genetic constitution of an individual organism
phenotype the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment.
homologous having two identical alleles of a particular gene or genes.
heterogeneous having two different alleles of a particular gene or genes.
Punnett square is a square diagram that is used to predict the genotypes of a particular cross or breeding experiment.
Mutation the action or process of mutating.
autosome any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
sex chromosomes a chromosome involved with determining the sex of an organism, typically one of two kinds.
sexlinked tending to be associated with one sex or the other.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) an extremely long macromolecule that is the main component of chromosomes
Ribonucleic Acid ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.
Replication the action of copying or reproducing something.
Nitrogenous bases is simply a nitrogen-containing molecule that has the same chemical properties as a base.
Nucleotide a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. Nucleotides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as DNA.
Created by: jamaelJ