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Plants

Structures and functions

TermDefinition
germinate When a seeds starts to grow.
cotyledon Primary source of energy for seedlings.
stoma Opening in leaves that allow gases in and out.
guard cells Control the size of the openings in leaves.
monocot A seed with one cotyledon.
dicot A seed with two cotyledons.
transpiration Delivering water to all cells, and evaporation of water from plant leaves.
flower Used by plants for reproduction.
gravity How roots know to grow down.
water, carbon dioxide, sunlight Ingredients plants need to make oxygen.
seed coat Hard, outer covering of a seed.
embryo Part of a seed that develops into a plant.
root First part of a plant to appear from a sprouting seed.
pollination Transferring pollen grains from the male anther of a flower to the female stigma.
xylem Vascular tissue in plants that transports water and minerals from the roots to other structures in a plant.
phloem Vascular tissue in plants that take sugars to all parts of the plant.
chlorophyll Found in chloroplasts. Capture energy from sunlight.
photosynthesis The process where plants convert light energy into chemical energy.
roots, shoots. leafs The order parts of plants appear when they start to grow.
pistil Female part of the plant.
stamen Male parts of a plant.
anther Where pollen grains form.
petal Visible, often colorful part of plant that attracts pollinators.
sepal Encloses the bud, then supports the flower.
stigma The tip of the pistil.
ovary Contains ovules where eggs are stored.
leaves An organ that makes food for the plant through photosynthesis.
Created by: BTLanigan