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genetics vocab

TermDefinition
Genetics the study of heredity( from parents to offspring
Heredity trait is passed on from one generation to the next
Alleles alternative form of a gene
Trait characteristic or property
Dominant allele is present/ expressed
Recessive allele is hidden/ not expressed
Genotype genetic makeup
Phenotype physical appearance
Homozygous same (pure)
Heterozygous different
Punnett square diagram that shows the results of any cross
Mutation sudden change in the structure/ amount of genetic material, which is caused by mutagens
Autosome(s) body chromosomes (22 pairs)
Sex chromosome chromosomes that directly controls the development of sexual characteristics
Sex-linked gene gene that is located on a sex chromosome
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) molecule that stores genetic information in all organisms
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) nucleic acid molecule that allows for the transmission of genetic information and protein synthesis
replication- process by which DNA is copied
nitrogenous bases organic molecule that contains the element nitrogen and acts as a base
nucleotide monomer that forms DNA as a phosphate group, a sugar and nitrogen containing base
Created by: janelmartinez