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Genki I Grammar 2019

TermDefinition
XはYです X is Y.
~です It is...
N1のN2* Possesive Marker - 's/of *the main idea always come at the end, with further description placed before it
だれのNoun Whose
Nounも Noun+too
Nじゃないです It is not... X is not Y
~ませんか Extending invitation "Shall we"
Xがあります There is/are X. -for inanimate objects -calls for particle に rather than で for place description -place description usually comes at the beginning of the sentence -thing description is usually followed by the particle が rather than は
います There is/are X... -for animate things
XはYの[preposition]です. X is [preposition] Y.
~時 Duration of an activity is expressed with a bare noun -stand alone & not followed by any particle
~時ぐらい/~時ばん For an approximate measurement/ For 1 and a half
SHORT FORM VERB/PRESENT TENSE/AFFIRMATIVE Dictionary form of verb
SHORT FORM VERB/PAST TENSE/NEGATIVE るVERBS ❌る➕ない
SHORT FORM うVERBS う➡あ-vowel equivalent➕ない
Created by: littlegirl_study