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Medical Ast Chpt 3

Ethics and Law for medical office

abandonment Failure to continue to provide medical care to a patient without proper notification.
act a bill or measure that has become a law. often refers to legislation with several parts.
advocate A person who intercedes on another persons behalf
arbitration a formal process whereby the parties to a dispute agree to submit to the decision of a neutral party.
assumption of risk A defense to a lawsuit that establishes that the plaintiff assumed the risk of whatever caused the injury.
autonomy ability to make independent decisions without constraint or coercion by others.
beneficence acting in the best possible way. Preforming good deeds.
bill a law proposed by a legislative body
case law law established by decisions of previous court cases.
civil law law the regulates relationships and interactions between individuals and groups.
cloning producing genetically identical cells or individuals artificially
common law unwritten body of law based on general custom
comparative negligence a defense to a lawsuit that establishes any responsibility for injury on the part of he plaintiff
controlled substance A drug that has the potential of becoming an addiction or abuse.
crime An offense in violation of a law that prohibits or requires certain behavior.
criminal law Law that regulates offenses against public welfare
defendant The person or group against which an action is brought in the court of law.
Deposition Testimony given under the Oath to an officer of the court before trial.
Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) A medical order signed by a physician that relieves health care personnel from the obligation to resuscitate a patient who stops breathing or whose heart stops.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) The federal agency that enforces the control substances act of 1970
duty Commitment to act in a certain way.
emancipated minor A person younger than 18 with the rights of an adult including the ability to consent to medical care.
Embezzlement Fraudulent appropriation of funds or property of an employer or client.
Ethics The branch of knowledge that deals with standards of behaviors and beliefs.
Felony A serious crime punishable by death or imprisonment.
Fidelity Faithfulness
Fraud Intentional deception resulting in injury or loss.
Gene therapy Giving patients new genes or parts of genes to treat a disease or condition.
Genetic engineering Making, altering, or repairing genetic material.
Health care proxy A legal document that names an agent to make decisions about a person's medical care if he or she become unable to make wishes known.
Informed consent Agreement to a medical procedure based on understanding of the procedures and its possible consequences and effects.
Larceny Stealing another person's property or money without violence.
Liability Legal responsibility
License Official permission to preform an activity or practice a profession.
Licensure The process by which the state examines qualifications and gives permission to an individual or organization to engage in a profession or business.
Litigation The process of taking a lawsuit to court.
Living will A legal document that specifies the kind of medical treatment a patient wants or does not want if he or she becomes incapacitated.
Malfeasance A crime or wrongdoing that is illegal or contrary to official obligation.
Malpractice Negligence by a professional.
Mature Minor An individual younger than 18 with the maturity to provide informed consent for certain medical procedures.
Mediation Negotiation by a third party to help two parties resolve a dispute.
Medical durable power of an attorney A written authorization to make health care decisions for a specified individual that is in effect if the individual becomes incapacitated.
Misdemeanor A less serious crime, punishable by a fine or imprisonment for less than a year.
Misfeasance Preforming a legal act in an improper way.
Negligence Failure to act as a reasonably prudent person would in similar circumstances.
Nonfeasance Failing to preform an act that should have been preformed, resulting in injury.
Nonmalfeasance Ethical concept requiring that an action do no harm, or do less harm than good.
Plaintiff The person or group that makes the complaint in a lawsuit.
Prescription An honor to a pharmacist to dispense a supply of a medication.
Privilege A special immunity that protects against legal liability.
Prudent Using care or common sense.
Reciprocity Automatic issuing of a license in one state to the holder of a license in another state.
Res ipsa loquitur A legal doctrine that assumes negligence because of the type of injury.
Respondeat superior A legal doctrine making an employer liable for the negligent act of employees.
Right A claim that is expected to be honored.
Standard of care level of appropriate care required of a health professional.
Statue of limitations A law limiting time period for beginning a lawsuit.
Statutory law law enacted by a legislative body.
Stem cells cells that have the capacity to develop into various types of body tissue.
Subpoena A court order for a witness to appear and give a testimony.
Subpoena duces tecum A court order to produce documents or records.
Tort An injury or wrong against a person or property that does not involve breach of contract.
Veracity Truthfulness
Created by: winterbear979
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