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Environmental words

Biosphere The sum of all living matter on Earth.
Environment All of the living and nonliving factors in an area.
Niche The function or position of an organism or a population within an ecological community.
Species A group of organisms with similar characteristics that are able to interbreed or exchange genetic material.
Population A group of interacting individuals of the same species located in the same area.
Community All of the populations of different species in a particular area.
Ecosystem A system comprising all the biotic and abiotic factors in an area and all the interactions among them.
Biome One of the world’s major communities, classified according to the predominant vegetation and characterized by adaptation of organisms to that particular environment.
Habitat A place where an organism naturally lives and grows.
Micro habitat A very small specialized habitat, such as the space under a rock.
Population A group of interacting individuals of the same species located in the same area.
Biodiversity The number of different species of plants and animals in an area.
Succession (Ecological Succession) A series of changes in the species composition of a community over time.
Climax Community A relatively stable state of succession, or the end product of succession.
Sustainable Capable of maintaining the current community at a steady level without exhausting natural resources or causing severe ecological damage.
Runoff Rainfall and surface water that drains or flows from the land into streams, rivers, lakes, or the ocean.
Over-fishing Taking more fish out of an ecosystem than can be replaced by the reproductive rates of the remaining populations.
Artificial Reefs A man-made, underwater structure that promotes the growth of reef-dwelling aquatic organisms.
Climate Change A long-term change in the prevailing environmental conditions in a part of the Earth.
Invasive Species A species that enters an area from somewhere else and disrupts the native ecosystem.
Long-Term Environmental Change Environmental change that occurs slowly over time and affects organisms over generations.
Short-Term Environmental Change An environmental change that happens quickly but does not last a long time.
Extinct The permanent disappearance of a species from the Earth.
Adaptation A process by which a population becomes better suited to its environment by increasing the frequencies of alleles that provide benefits to survival and reproduction.
Pollution Harmful substances that contaminate a natural environment.
Climate Average weather conditions for a region year after year.
Abiotic Factors Factors that are neither living nor produced by living things.
Biotic Factors Factors that are living or produced by living things.
Competition More than one individual or population in an ecosystem relies upon the same limited resources.
Created by: ssusd06735



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